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 Table of Contents  
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 613-614

Peutz-Jeghers syndrome


1 Department of Surgery, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, J and K, India
2 Department of Medical GE, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, J and K, India
3 Department of Pathology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, J and K, India

Date of Web Publication9-Nov-2012

Correspondence Address:
Fazl Qadir Parray
Department of Surgery, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, J and K
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.103340

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How to cite this article:
Parray FQ, Syed AW, Yatoo GN, Zargar SA, Malik RA. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. North Am J Med Sci 2012;4:613-4

How to cite this URL:
Parray FQ, Syed AW, Yatoo GN, Zargar SA, Malik RA. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. North Am J Med Sci [serial online] 2012 [cited 2019 Sep 20];4:613-4. Available from: http://www.najms.org/text.asp?2012/4/11/613/103340

Dear Editor,

PeutzJeghers Syndrome (PJS) is an inherited autosomal dominant disorder, and attributed to a mutation localized at 19p13.3. [1] This condition is characterized by mucocutaneous pigmentation and gastrointestinal polyps. The purpose of reporting this case is to remind clinicians that perioral or hand pigmentation should not be taken lightly in colorectal cases [Figure 1]. PJS also assumes more importance because of higher risk of intestinal and extraintestinal cancers. [2] Histologically, these lesions have an arborzing pattern with fronds covered by normal epithelium that incorporates all the cell types located at the site of origin. Endocrine cells and smooth muscle form an important component of the lesions.
Figure 1: Clinical photograph showing peri-oral mucosal pigmentation

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A 26 year-old female presented to us with history of bleeding per rectum and a mass coming out per rectum for last 2 years. Colonoscopy revealed a small polypoidal lesion at 5 cm and an extensive polypoidal growth at 10-18 cm from anal verge. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a 3-cm polyp in the antrum and a 1.5-cm sessile polyp in the second part of duodenum. Antral polyp was resected endoscopically. Computerized tomogram enterography revealed more polyps in the upper small gut. The operative findings revealed three more polyps in the small gut, with one of them causing intussusception. A few enlarged perirectal and mesenteric nodes were also found. A small polyp and a big polypoidal mass were present in mid rectum.Intussusception was reduced and multiple enterotomies were performed to excise small gut polyps. Low anterior resection was done for excising the polypoidal mass and the rectal polyp [Figure 2]. Histopathology revealed morphology and histology of Peutz-Jeghers polyp, showing a core of broad bands of muscularis mucosa smooth muscle fibers, the hallmark of a PJS polyp with no evidence of malignancy.
Figure 2: Operative photograph showing the lead point of intussusception in small gut

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The relationship of mucocutaneous pigmentation and intestinal polyposis was first reported in 1921 by Peutz, [3] who studied a family over three generations. Peutz noticed that seven of them had intestinal polyposis and four had nasal polyposis, besides the peculiar mucocutaneous pigmentation. After an initial report of two patients by Jeghers in 1944, [4] the definitive clinical description of PJS was written by Jeghers et al. in detail in 1949. [5] The authors also recognized that it was inherited as a simple Mendelian dominant trait.The majority of patients meeting the clinical diagnostic criteria have a causative mutation in the STK11 gene, [6] which is located at 19p13.3. [1] The cancer risks in this condition are substantial, particularly for breast and gastrointestinal cancer. [7] In view of an established risk of cancers in PJS patients, many centers subject the patients to surveillance using capsule endoscopy. However, a prospective study [8] revealed that MR enterography offers a promising alternative to capsule endoscopy for small bowel polyp surveillance in adults with PJS. Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive approach that deals with the acute problem and may prevent adhesion formation and subsequent repeat laparotomy for small bowel obstruction. Our patient is on follow-up from last 8 months and is doing well.

 
  References Top

1.Amos C I, Bali D, Thiel TJ., Anderson JP, Gourley I, Frazier ML, et al. Fine mapping of a genetic locus for Peutz-Jeghers syndrome on chromosome 19p. Cancer Res 1997;3653-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Giardiello F, Welsh SB, Hamilton SR, Offerhaus GJA, Gittelsohn AM, Booker SV, et al. Increased risk of cancer in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. N Engl J Med 1987;316:1511-4.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Peutz JL. Very remarkable case of familial polyposis of mucous membrane of intestinal tract and nasopharynx accompanied by peculiar pigmentations of skin and mucous membrane. Nederl Maandischr v Geneesk 1921;10:134-46.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Jegers H. Pigmentation of skin. N Engl J Med 1944;231:88-100, 122-36, 181-9.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Jeghers H, McKusick VA, Katz KH. Generalized intestinal polyposis and melanin spots of the oral mucosa, lips and digits; a syndrome of diagnostic significance. N Engl J Med 1949;241:993-1005.  Back to cited text no. 5
[PUBMED]    
6.Jenne DE, Reimann H, Nezu J-I, Friedel W, Loff S, Jeschke R, et al. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is caused by mutations in a novel serine threonine kinase. Nat Genet 1998;18:38-43.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.Beggs AD, Latchford AR, Vasen HF, Moslein G, Alonso A, Aretz S, et al. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: A systematic review and recommendations for management. Gut 2010;59:975-86.  Back to cited text no. 7
[PUBMED]    
8.Gupta A, Postgate AJ, Burling D, Illangovan R, Marshall M, Phillips RK, et al. A Prospective Study of MR Enterography versus Capsule Endoscopy for the Surveillance of Adult Patients with Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome.AJR Am J Roentgenol 2010;195:108-16.  Back to cited text no. 8
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]


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