Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Visit old site
Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Users Online: 1786


 
 Table of Contents  
COMMENTARY
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 636-637

What is the risk for metabolic syndrome in police officers?


Department of Kinesiology, 247 Forker Building, Ames, Iowa, USA

Date of Web Publication4-Dec-2012

Correspondence Address:
Warren D Franke
Department of Kinesiology, 247 Forker Building Ames, IA 50011
USA
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.104314

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Franke WD. What is the risk for metabolic syndrome in police officers?. North Am J Med Sci 2012;4:636-7

How to cite this URL:
Franke WD. What is the risk for metabolic syndrome in police officers?. North Am J Med Sci [serial online] 2012 [cited 2019 Nov 18];4:636-7. Available from: http://www.najms.org/text.asp?2012/4/12/636/104314

The report by Jayakrishnan and colleagues [1] in this Journal is noteworthy since it provides an assessment of the presence of the metabolic syndrome and related cardiovascular risk factors in one of the largest, if not the largest, cohort of police officers to date. Two aspects of this research especially warrant comment.

First, despite the large cohort of offices assessed in the aforementioned study, it remains unclear whether police officers have an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome compared to civilians. Jayakrishnan et al.[1] did not have a local civilian group with which to compare these officers and the state within which the study was performed, Kerala, has a markedly higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors than India as a whole. [2] Consequently, the high risk seen in this group of officers may simply reflect the local populace. However, the authors' comparisons to relevant publications and other Indian police assessments [3] suggest that Indian police officers may, indeed, have an increased prevalence of some of the component risk factors. In contrast, studies of police officers from other nations suggest that officers may have a lower prevalence. For example, Yoo and colleagues [4] summed data from several U.S. cohorts and concluded that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was lower than the national average. Thus, the medical and research communities should be cautious in assuming police officers are at an increased risk for the metabolic syndrome.

Second, the findings of Jayakrishnan and colleagues [1] strongly suggest that metabolic syndrome likely results from inappropriate lifestyle choices and modifiable behaviors. Poor eating habits and physical inactivity are major contributors to both metabolic syndrome and the component risk factors that make up metabolic syndrome. It is noteworthy, and of relevance to police officers, that psychosocial stress may play a role in the development of metabolic syndrome independent of these lifestyle choices. [5] Thus, members of stressful occupations may be an increased risk.

Of course, as discussed by Jayakrishnan and coworkers, [1] the management of metabolic syndrome centers around facilitating at-risk subjects making the appropriate lifestyle choices that will reduce both their risk for metabolic syndrome as well as their global risk for cardiovascular diseases. This applies to anyone, whether the subject is a police officer or not. However, due diligence may need to be given to aspects of the subject's occupation, such as work stress, that may also be contributing to this risk.

 
  References Top

1.Jayakrishnan TT, Raja M, Cherumanalil JM. Metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors among police officers. North Am J Med Sci 2012;4:630-5.  Back to cited text no. 1
  Medknow Journal  
2.Kerala paradox. http://www.cadiresearch.org/?page_id=398. [Last accessed on 2012 Sept 27].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Tharkar S, Kumpatla S, Muthukumaran P, Viswanathan V. High prevalence of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk among police personnel compared to general population in India. J Assoc Physicians India 2008;56:845-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
[PUBMED]    
4.Yoo HL, Eisenmann JP, Franke WD. Independent and combined influence of physical activity and perceived stress on the metabolic syndrome in male law enforcement officers. J Occup Environ Med 2009;51:46-53.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Chandola T, Brunner E, Marmot M. Chronic stress at work and the metabolic syndrome: Prospective study. BMJ 2006;332;521-5.  Back to cited text no. 5
    



This article has been cited by
1 The relationship between occupational stress and health status, temporary and permanent work disability among security guards in Serbia
Jovana Jovanovic,Ivana Šarac,Stefan Jovanovic,Dušan Sokolovic,Nenad Govedarovic,Jovica Jovanovic
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. 2019; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]



 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

 
  In this article
References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1042    
    Printed57    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded203    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal