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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67-71

Medication adherence and its determinants among patients on concomitant tuberculosis and antiretroviral therapy in South West Ethiopia


Department of Pharmacy, College of Public Health and Medical Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

Correspondence Address:
Nasir Tajure Wabe
Department of Pharmacy, College of Public Health and Medical Science, Jimma University, Jimma-251 1480
Ethiopia
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Source of Support: This study was financed by Students Research Project (SRP) of Jimma University., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.93376

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Background: To benefit from therapy and to avoid contracting treatment resistant strains, the individuals must adhere to medications. Aim : The study was designed to assess the degree of drug adherence and its determinants in patients living with HIV/AIDS and TB comorbidity. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the degree of drug adherence and its determinants with the help of self-administered questionnaires in Tercha District Hospital in South Ethiopia. Result : A total of 24 patients were included in the study. The majority were females (54.2%) and the mean age was 32.4 (SD±9.6) years. Adherence level was 95.8% for Antiretroviral (ARV) medications and 79.2% for anti TB medications. Educational status was associated with anti TB (P=0.021) medication adherence. The reason for the missed doses were mostly lack of money for transport (23.7% for antiretroviral therapy (ART), 26.0% for TB treatment) and forgetting to take medications (18.4% for ART, 17.4% for TB treatment. Conclusion: The adherence level obtained for both ARV and anti-TB where high. Transportation costs for patients could be reduced by bringing the services close to where they live.


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