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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 170-173

Frequency of human immunodeficiency virus infection among students of tertiary and secondary institutions in an endemic state


Department of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Kwara State University, Malete-Ilorin, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Abdulazeez Abubakar
Department of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Kwara State University, Malete-Ilorin
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.94941

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Background: Students are pivotal to manpower development and technological advancement of any nation. Nigerian nation was recently ranked third human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) most endemic nation in the world Aim: The study was designed to determine the frequency of HIV infection among Nigerian tertiary and secondary institution students. Materials and Methods: A HIV screening test was conducted on 1,978 apparently healthy students composed of 981 males and 997 females aged 11-35 years, randomly selected from some Nigerian tertiary and secondary institutions Results: Overall, the sero-prevalence rate of 13.7% was recorded consisting 9.9% in the tertiary and 3.8% in secondary institutions. The distribution of the infection showed no significant difference by age (χ2 =1.07, P>0.05) and by gender (χ2 =0.85, P>0.05). Also, the prevalence had no significant association with the settlement of students (χ2 =0.96, P>0.05) and the status of educational institutions (χ2 =1.42, P>0.05). Conclusion: The findings indicate a high HIV prevalence rate among students in this part of the globe. General behavioral changes about sex among the students are suggested.


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