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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 653-659

Prevalence of overweight and obesity in portuguese adolescents: Comparison of different anthropometric methods


1 School of Health Jean Piaget Algarve, Piaget Institute, Portugal
2 National School of Public Health - NOVA University of Lisbon, Portugal
3 Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal

Correspondence Address:
Beatriz Minghelli
Instituto Piaget - Escola Superior de Sade Jean Piaget / Algarve - Enxerim - 8300-025, Silves
Portugal
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Source of Support: Program to Support Advanced Training of Teachers of the Higher Polytechnic Education by Foundation for Science and Technology - FCT (SFRH/PROTEC/67663/2010)., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.122309

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Background: The recommended anthropometric methods to assess the weight status include body mass index (BMI), skinfold thickness, and waist circumference. However, these methods have advantages and disadvantages regarding the classification of overweight and obesity in adolescents. Aims: The study was to analyze the correlation between the measurements of BMI, skinfold thickness and waist circumference to assess overweight and obesity in Portuguese adolescents. Materials and Methods: A sample of 966 students of Portugal was used. Of them, 437 (45.2%) were males and 529 (54.8%) were females aged between 10 and 16 years. The evaluations included BMI calculation, skinfold thickness, and waist circumference measurements. Results: This study revealed a high prevalence of overweight and obesity with values ranging from 31.6%, 61.4%, and 41.1% according to the measurement of BMI, skinfold thickness, and waist circumference, respectively. The results found a high level of correlation between BMI and skinfold thickness (P < 0.001, r = 0.712), between BMI and waist circumference (P < 0.001, r = 0.884), and waist circumference and skinfold thickness (P < 0.001, r = 0.701). Conclusions: This study revealed a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portuguese adolescents using three different anthropometric methods, where the BMI showed the lowest values of prevalence of overweight and obesity and the skinfold thickness showed the highest values. The three anthropometric methods were highly correlated.


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