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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-20

Hydatid cyst of spleen: A diagnostic challenge


1 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Health Center Montgomery, Alabama, USA
2 Department of Gastroenterology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, India
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, India

Correspondence Address:
Khalid Rasheed
Department of Internal Medicine, Health Center Montgomery, University of Alabama, 906 Seaton Circle, Montgomery, Alabama, 36116
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.106184

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Although splenic involvement alone in hydatid disease is very rare, spleen is the third most common organ involved in hydatid disease. The rarity of splenic hydatid disease poses a diagnostic challenge for clinicians, particularly in non-endemic areas. As the hydatid cyst can present as a simple cyst without having the classic serological and imaging features, and later can lead to life-threatening complications like anaphylaxis, hydatid disease of spleen should be considered in differential in every patient in endemic areas with cystic lesion of spleen until proved otherwise. The author used the keyword "splenic hydatid cyst" in PubMed and reviewed the scientific literatures published from January 1965 to June 2012. The present review is to accentuate the incidence, classification, clinical and pathophysiological features, differential diagnosis, diagnostic modalities, and treatment choices of hydatid cyst of spleen along with follow-up strategy and newer treatment approaches.


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