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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 500-504

Insulin resistance in moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea in nondiabetics and its response to continuous positive airway pressure treatment


Department of Pulmonary Medicine, St. Johns Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Archana Baburao
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, St. Johns Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru - 560 034, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.143280

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Background: The effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on insulin resistance (IR) in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are still under discussion especially in nondiabetics. Trials have found conflicting results in this regard. Aims: The study was to measure IR in nondiabetic patients with moderate to severe OSA and to evaluate the effect of nasal CPAP on IR in these patients. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 consecutively newly diagnosed patients with moderate to severe OSA was enrolled in the study. OSA was diagnosed by doing an overnight polysomnography. Plasma glucose and insulin levels were measured at baseline and after 1 month of CPAP treatment. IR was calculated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) method. Results: Of 30 OSA patients, 21 were males, and 9 were females. The mean age of the subjects was 49.9 years, and mean body mass index (BMI) was 29.33. All 30 patients had moderate to severe OSA with a mean apnea and hypopnea index (AHI) of 80.46/h. The Epworth sleepiness score (ESS) showed a significant change with 1 month of treatment with CPAP from baseline of 13 to 9.7 (P ≤ 0.0001). There was a significant reduction in fasting insulin levels from 21.75 to 19.39 (P = 0.009). There was a small fall in fasting glucose, but it was not significant. The HOMA IR also reduced from 5.78 to 4.82 which was significant (P = 0.024) without any significant change in BMI (P = 0.916). The HOMA IR did not showed any positive correlation with different variables of OSA severity, ESS (r = 0.156) (P = 0.410), AHI (r = 0.177) (P = 0.349), and percentage of test time <90% saturation (r = −0.296) (P = 0.112). Conclusion: Moderate to severe OSA is associated with an increase in IR and effective treatment with CPAP rapidly improves the insulin sensitivity in nondiabetic patients with OSA without any change in BMI.


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