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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30-34

Prevalence of diabetes mellitus among tuberculosis patients in Urban Puducherry


1 Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Kathirkamam, India
2 State TB Cell, Government Chest Clinic, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Kavita P Vasudevan
Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Kathirkamam, Puducherry 605 009
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.125863

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Background: Diabetes and Tuberculosis often present together and complicate each other at many levels. A collaborative framework for care and control of diabetes and tuberculosis developed by World Health Organisation and International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases emphasizes routine bi-directional screening for the two diseases. Aims: The study was to assess the prevalence of diabetes in tuberculosis patients currently on treatment. Materials and Methods: This facility-based cross-sectional study was undertaken in four randomly selected peripheral health institutions providing directly observed treatment short-course, treatment for tuberculosis patients. All cases of tuberculosis, more than 18 years of age were screened for diabetes. Risk factors like age, sex, family history of diabetes, alcohol, smoking and obesity were assessed. Results The prevalence of diabetes in tuberculosis patients was found to be 29% (known diabetics - 20.7%, new Diabetes cases - 8.3%). Diabetes was significantly associated with older age, family history of diabetes, consumption of alcohol and sputum positivity. Conclusions: Screening patients with Tuberculosis for fasting blood sugar estimation will help in early detection of diabetes


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