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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 61-70

Lead and cadmium in public health in Nigeria: physicians neglect and pitfall in patient management


Toxicology Unit, Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Port Harcourt Rivers State Nigeria, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Orish Ebere Orisakwe
Toxicology Unit, Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Port Harcourt Rivers State Nigeria, Port Harcourt
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.127740

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Low-level heavy metals exposure may contribute much more toward the causation of chronic disease and impaired functioning than previously thought. Among the suggested preventive and intervention measures for the control of renal diseases are the reduction in the exposure to heavy metals. Although these indicate knowledge and awareness of possible role of some heavy metals in the etiogenesis of some chronic diseases by Nigerian Physicians, heavy metal assay as diagnostic guide in patient management is often omitted in most healthcare settings. This is a synoptic capture of the increased incidence and prevalence of some metabolic disorders where heavy metals may be implicated. A search of the terms heavy metal exposure, source, toxicity, metabolic disorders, poisoning in Nigeria, in bibliographical databases (in English language) such as PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Africa Journal Online (AJOL) digital library was conducted. Leaded gasoline, refuse dumping, absence of poison information centers, and poor record keeping characterize environmental health in Nigeria. Lead and cadmium are of most significant public health importance in Nigeria. The recognition and inclusion of heavy metals assays in the diagnosis of metabolic disorders may ensure early diagnosis and improve management.


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