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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 139-144

Relationship between type 2 diabetic retinopathy and periodontal disease in Iranian Adults


1 Bu Ali-Sina Clinical Research Development Unit; Diabetes Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran
2 Department of Periodontics, Dental Faculty, Diabetes Research Center, Mazandaran, Iran
3 Diabetes Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran
4 Bu Ali-Sina Clinical Research Development Unit, Mazandaran, Iran
5 Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Mazandaran, Iran
6 Department of Dentistry, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran
7 Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran
8 Department of Biostatistics, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Sari, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Avideh Maboudi
Department of Periodontics, Dental Faculty, Diabetes Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari
Iran
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Source of Support: Financial support was provided by MAZUMS/Iran., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.128476

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Background: Periodontal disease in diabetic patients can compromise a patient's ability to maintain a proper metabolic control and may be associated with diabetic complication. Aims: This study was designed to evaluate the frequency of periodontal disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and how this was related with the presence of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Materials and Methods: A comparison was made of periodontal parameters (plaque index (PI), community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN), periodontal disease severity measured in quartiles of probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment loss (CAL)) in a group of diabetic patients with retinopathy (n = 84) versus a group of diabetic patients without retinopathy (n = 129). In addition, 73 age- and sex-matched individuals were selected to serve as the control group. Analysis was performed to evaluate the relationships between periodontal disease and DR. Results: In terms of PI, no statistically significant differences were observed, so, oral hygiene was similar in both groups. Diabetic patients with retinopathy had greater CPITN (P < 0.001) and more severe periodontal disease (P < 0.001) than no retinopathy. Also, our results indicated a relationship between type 2 DM and periodontal disease. Conclusions: The patients with diabetes retinopathy appear to show increased periodontal disease susceptibility.


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