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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 359-369

Anesthetic challenges for deep brain stimulation: A systematic approach


Dpartment of Neuroanaesthesia, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio, USA

Correspondence Address:
Rajkalyan Chakrabarti
Flat 3, Oakside Court, Fencepiece Road, Barkingside, Ilford, Essex, IG6 2PH
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.139281

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Ablative intracranial surgery for Parkinson's disease has advanced to embedding electrodes into precise areas of the basal ganglia. Electrode implantation surgery, referred to as deep brain stimulation (DBS), is preferred in view of its reversibility, adjustability, and capability to be safely performed bilaterally. DBS is been increasingly used for other movement disorders, intractable tremors epilepsy, and sometimes chronic pain. Anesthesiologists need to amalgamate the knowledge of neuroanatomical structures and surgical techniques involved in placement of microelectrodes in defined cerebral target areas. Perioperative verbal communication with the patient during the procedure is quintessential and may attenuate the need for pharmacological agents. This review will endeavor to assimilate the present knowledge regarding the patient selection, available/practiced anesthesia regimens, and perioperative complications after our thorough search for literature published between 1991 and 2013.


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