North American Journal of Medical Sciences

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 527--530

Secondary gliosarcoma after the treatment of primary glioblastoma multiforme


Khalid Andaloussi-Saghir1, Mohamed Oukabli2, Mohammed El Marjany1, Hassan Sifat1, Khalid Hadadi1, Hamid Mansouri1 
1 Department of Radiotherapy Oncology, Mohammed V Military Hospital, Rabat, Morocco
2 Department of Pathology, Mohammed V Military Hospital, Rabat, Morocco

Correspondence Address:
Khalid Andaloussi-Saghir
No. 2, Wifaq 2, Temara
Morocco

Context : Gliosarcoma is a rare variant of glioblastoma multiforme containing distinct gliomatous and sarcomatous components. Gliosarcoma comprise 1.8-8% of glioblastoma multiforme and are clinically similar to them, affecting adults in the fourth and sixth decades of life, with a higher proportion found in males. The survival for patients with Gliosarcoma is equally poor as for those with glioblastoma multiforme, and there is a greater propensity for extracranial metastasis in Gliosarcoma. Clinical treatment-related experience reported in the literature is limited, and Gliosarcoma are currently treated in a similar fashion to glioblastoma multiforme, with modalities including tumor resection, postoperative radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Gliosarcoma can arise secondarily, after conventional adjuvant treatment of high-grade glioma. The current literature on the occurrence of secondary gliosarcoma after glioblastoma multiforme is limited, with only 54 reported cases. Case Report: The authors present a 48-year-old Caucasian male who had previously received postoperative combined radiation and temozolomide chemotherapy for glioblastoma multiforme. After a free disease period of 9 months the disease recurs as Gliosarcoma. The patient underwent a Total surgical excision and received chemotherapy with a basis of bevacizumab and irinotecan. The patient died from tumor progression 5 months after gliosarcoma diagnosis. Conclusion : The poor survival of patients with secondary gliosarcoma who had previously received combined radiation and temozolomide chemotherapy for glioblastoma multiforme may reflect a unique molecular profile of glioblastoma multiforme that eventually recurs as secondary gliosarcoma. We have to keep in mind the possibility of gliosarcomatous change in the recurrence of malignant glioma. Awareness of this pathological entity will allow more rapid diagnosis and treatment.


How to cite this article:
Andaloussi-Saghir K, Oukabli M, El Marjany M, Sifat H, Hadadi K, Mansouri H. Secondary gliosarcoma after the treatment of primary glioblastoma multiforme.North Am J Med Sci 2011;3:527-530


How to cite this URL:
Andaloussi-Saghir K, Oukabli M, El Marjany M, Sifat H, Hadadi K, Mansouri H. Secondary gliosarcoma after the treatment of primary glioblastoma multiforme. North Am J Med Sci [serial online] 2011 [cited 2020 Mar 29 ];3:527-530
Available from: http://www.najms.org/article.asp?issn=1947-2714;year=2011;volume=3;issue=11;spage=527;epage=530;aulast=Andaloussi-Saghir;type=0