North American Journal of Medical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 548--551

Prevalence of HIV and anemia among pregnant women


Bankole Henry Oladeinde1, Richard Omoregie M Phil2, Mitsan Olley3, Joshua A Anunibe3 
1 Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, Igbinedion University, Edo State, Nigeria
2 School of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
3 Department of Pathology, Igbinedion University Teaching Hospital, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Richard Omoregie M Phil
School of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State
Nigeria

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence is high among rural dwellers and pregnant women. Aims: This study aims to determine the prevalence of HIV and anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in rural community of Okada, Edo State, Nigeria. Patients and Methods: Anticoagulated blood and sera samples were obtained from 480 women consisting of 292 pregnant and 188 non-pregnant women. Antibodies to HIV were detected in the sera samples and hemoglobin concentration of the anticoagulated blood specimens were determined using standard techniques. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin concentration <11g/dl for pregnant women and <12g/dl for non-pregnant women. Results: Pregnancy was not a risk factor for acquiring HIV infection (pregnant vs. non-pregnant: 10.2% vs. 13.8%; OR=0.713, 95% CI=0.407, 1.259, P = 0.247). The prevalence of HIV was significantly (P = 0.005 and P = 0.025) higher in the age group 10-20 years and 21 - 30 years among pregnant and non-pregnant women respectively. Pregnancy was a risk factor for acquiring anemia (OR=1.717, 95% CI=1.179, 2.500, P = 0.006). Only the age of pregnant women significantly (P = 0.004) affected the prevalence of anemia inversely. Conclusion: The prevalence of HIV and anemia among pregnant women were 10.2% and 49.3% respectively. Pregnancy was associated with anemia. Interventions by appropriate agencies are advocated to reduce associated sequelae.


How to cite this article:
Oladeinde BH, Phil RM, Olley M, Anunibe JA. Prevalence of HIV and anemia among pregnant women.North Am J Med Sci 2011;3:548-551


How to cite this URL:
Oladeinde BH, Phil RM, Olley M, Anunibe JA. Prevalence of HIV and anemia among pregnant women. North Am J Med Sci [serial online] 2011 [cited 2020 Jan 24 ];3:548-551
Available from: http://www.najms.org/article.asp?issn=1947-2714;year=2011;volume=3;issue=12;spage=548;epage=551;aulast=Oladeinde;type=0