North American Journal of Medical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28--31

Neck circumference as an anthropometric measure of obesity in diabetics


Jagadamba Aswathappa, Sumit Garg, Karthiyanee Kutty, Vinutha Shankar 
 Department of Physiology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Tamaka, Kolar, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Jagadamba Aswathappa
Department of Physiology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Tamaka, Kolar, Karnataka
India

Background: Obesity is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Insulin resistance is associated with visceral subcutaneous fat content. Neck circumference (NC) is a marker of upper body subcutaneous adipose tissue distribution. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare NC in diabetics and non-diabetics and to correlate NC with other anthropometric measures. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 350 type 2 diabetics and 350 non-diabetics of >30 years of age. Anthropometric parameters like body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference, and NC were measured. Independent t-test and Pearson«SQ»s correlation were the tests of significance done to analyze quantitative data. Results: There was positive correlation of NC, BMI, and index of central obesity. The NC in diabetics was significantly higher than in non-diabetics (P < 0.001). NC >36 cm in diabetics and >37 cm in non-diabetics was the best cutoff value to determine subjects with central obesity. Conclusion: The findings indicated that NC may be used both in clinical practice and in epidemiologic studies as a straightforward and reliable index. It is an economical easy to use test with less consumption of time and correlates well with other standard anthropometric parameters.


How to cite this article:
Aswathappa J, Garg S, Kutty K, Shankar V. Neck circumference as an anthropometric measure of obesity in diabetics.North Am J Med Sci 2013;5:28-31


How to cite this URL:
Aswathappa J, Garg S, Kutty K, Shankar V. Neck circumference as an anthropometric measure of obesity in diabetics. North Am J Med Sci [serial online] 2013 [cited 2020 Aug 14 ];5:28-31
Available from: http://www.najms.org/article.asp?issn=1947-2714;year=2013;volume=5;issue=1;spage=28;epage=31;aulast=Aswathappa;type=0