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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2013| April  | Volume 5 | Issue 4  
    Online since April 11, 2013

 
 
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REVIEW ARTICLES
Winter cardiovascular diseases phenomenon
Auda Fares
April 2013, 5(4):266-279
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.110430  PMID:23724401
This paper review seasonal patterns across twelve cardiovascular diseases: Deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, aortic dissection and rupture, stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, hypertension, heart failure, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death, venricular arrythmia and atrial fibrillation, and discuss a possible cause of the occurrence of these diseases. There is a clear seasonal trend of cardiovascular diseases, with the highest incidence occurring during the colder winter months, which have been described in many countries. This phenomenon likely contributes to the numbers of deaths occurring in winter. The implications of this finding are important for testing the relative importance of the proposed mechanisms. Understanding the influence of season and other factors is essential when seeking to implement effective public health measures.
  59 5,221 880
Errors in potassium measurement: A laboratory perspective for the clinician
Jaya R Asirvatham, Viju Moses, Loring Bjornson
April 2013, 5(4):255-259
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.110426  PMID:23724399
Errors in potassium measurement can cause pseudohyperkalemia, where serum potassium is falsely elevated. Usually, these are recognized either by the laboratory or the clinician. However, the same factors that cause pseudohyperkalemia can mask hypokalemia by pushing measured values into the reference interval. These cases require a high-index of suspicion by the clinician as they cannot be easily identified in the laboratory. This article discusses the causes and mechanisms of spuriously elevated potassium, and current recommendations to minimize those factors. "Reverse" pseudohyperkalemia and the role of correction factors are also discussed. Relevant articles were identified by a literature search performed on PubMed using the terms "pseudohyperkalemia," "reverse pseudohyperkalemia," "factitious hyperkalemia," "spurious hyperkalemia," and "masked hypokalemia."
  34 9,891 1,743
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Microbiology of chronic suppurative otitis media in a tertiary care setup of Uttarakhand state, India
Rajat Prakash, Deepak Juyal, Vikrant Negi, Shekhar Pal, Shamanth Adekhandi, Munesh Sharma, Neelam Sharma
April 2013, 5(4):282-287
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.110436  PMID:23724403
Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a notorious infection and a major health problem in developing countries causing serious local damage and threatening complications. Early and effective treatment based on the knowledge of causative micro-organisms and their antimicrobial sensitivity ensures prompt clinical recovery and possible complications can thus be avoided. Aims: The aim of this study was to isolate the organisms associated with CSOM and to detect the antibiogram of the aerobic isolates. Materials and Methods: A total of 204 patients clinically diagnosed of CSOM were enrolled in the study and the samples were obtained from each patient using sterile cotton swabs and cultured for microbial flora. Drug susceptibility testing for aerobic isolates was conducted using Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. Results: The most common causative organisms isolated were Staphylococcus aureus (48.69%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (19.89%) amongst the 191 aerobic isolates. Anaerobes accounted for 29.41% of the isolates while 12.25% were fungi. Antimicrobial profile of aerobic isolates revealed maximum sensitivity to amikacin (95.5%), ceftriaxone (83.4%) and gentamicin (82.7%). Conclusion: Knowing the etiological agents of CSOM and their antimicrobial susceptibility is of essential importance for an efficient treatment, prevention of both complications and development of antibiotic resistance and finally, the reduction of the treatment costs.
  24 2,946 663
Post-bariatric surgery satisfaction and body-contouring consideration after massive weight loss
Saleh M Aldaqal, Ahmad M Makhdoum, Ali M Turki, Basim A Awan, Osama A Samargandi, Hytham Jamjom
April 2013, 5(4):301-305
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.110442  PMID:23724406
Background: Following a bariatric surgery and massive weight-loss, the outcome is usually sullied by consequences on the body's contour and redundant skin. Aims: We aimed to record the frequency of contour irregularities and quantify patients' satisfaction with appearance and anticipations from body contouring surgery. Materials and Methods: The ethical committee at King Abdulaziz University Hospital approved the study, and patients were consented. A cross-sectional study targeting the post-bariatric patients from May 2011 to April 2012 was conducted at our hospital. We used post-massive weight loss Satisfaction Questionnaire. Results: The total numbers of patients were 64 (51 women and 13 men), of which 57 patients (89.2%) developed sagging skin. Most patients were dissatisfied with their appearance after weight loss. The most common zones were the upper arms (50%) and abdomen (45%). Considerably more women (36.2%) than men (24%) were dissatisfied with certain body areas. The most noticeable expectation of patients from body contouring surgery was improved cosmetic appearance (65.6%) and self-confidence (64.1%). More women (70.58%) than men (46.15%) expected a better cosmetic appearance after body contouring (P = 0.003). Conclusion: After bariatric surgery, sagging excess skin is an unsatisfactory problem. Therefore, body contouring surgery must be included in morbid obesity management.
  17 2,875 612
REVIEW ARTICLES
Evolution and etiopathogenesis of bisphosphonates induced osteonecrosis of the jaw
Vijay Kumar, Raman Kant Sinha
April 2013, 5(4):260-265
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.110429  PMID:23724400
Bisphosphonates (BPs) is widely used as the first line of treatment choice for osteoporosis, Paget's disease of bone, bone cancer metastasis and hypercalcemia of malignancy. BPs induced osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a relatively rare but severe clinical condition cited in English literature since 2003 while exact pathogenesis of BPs induced ONJ is not known until today, but numerous hypotheses were described in recent literature that promote and interlinked the development of BPs induced ONJ. These hypotheses indicate multifactorial nature of its development and factors responsible for that are; long term administration of intravenous nitrogen containing BPs in cancer patients, biological behavior of jaw, antiangiogenic property of BPs and by soft-tissue toxicity etc., All these factors are compounded by the presence of infection that are responsible for lower the pH of the oral cavity, other drugs like administration of corticosteroid, pathologies that cause hypo-calcification of bone, compromised immune response that alters normal healing such as renal transplantation followed by long term oral BPs therapy or chronic diabetic patients receiving BPs therapy and any dentoalveolar trauma. All literature in this review article is search from PubMed, Med-know and Google search engines.
  7 4,066 571
LETTER TO EDITOR
Metastatic lung adenocarcinoma mimicking a colonic polyp
Dharmesh H Kaswala, Nishith R Patel, Shamik S Shah, Razvi M Razack, Valerie A Fitzhugh, Zamir S Brelvi
April 2013, 5(4):306-307
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.110443  PMID:23724407
  2 1,393 222
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Open choldecho-enterostomy for common bile duct stones: Is it out of date in laparo-endoscopic era?
Khnissi Abdelmajid, Harbi Houssem, Ghrissi Rafik, S Jarrar Mohamed, Hamila Fehmi
April 2013, 5(4):288-292
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.110438  PMID:23724404
Background: Nowadays, biliary-enteric drainage (BED) is regarded as a last resort or obsolete therapeutic method for common bile duct stone (CBDS) not only because of advances in minimally invasive therapeutic modalities but also due to fears of higher morbidity, cholangitis, and "sump" syndrome. Aim: The present study aimed at evaluating the outcome of this procedure for choledocholithiasis. Materials and Methods: It is a retrospective review of 51 patients who underwent open choledochoenterostomy for CBDS between January 2005 and December 2009. Results: About 40 women (78%) and 11 men underwent open BED (mean age 72 years). Indications were elderly patients (90%), multiple stones (54.9%) and unextractable calculi (15.4%). We performed 49 (96%) side to side choledochoduodenostomies, one end to side choledochoduodenostomy (CDS) and one end to side hepaticojejunostomy. The mortality rate was 3.9%. Overall morbidity was 12% with no biliary leakage. With a decline of 1-6 years, neither sump syndrome nor cholangiocarcinoma occurred. Conclusions: Side-to-side CDS is a safe and highly effective therapeutic measure, even when performed on ducts less than 15 mm wide, provided a few technical requirements are respected. Patients experiencing relapsing cholangitis after BED should be closely monitored for the late development of biliary tract malignancies.
  1 1,649 347
Sero-epidemiology of Hepatitis B surface antigenaemia among adult Nigerians with clinical features of liver diseases attending a primary-care clinic in a resource-constrained setting of eastern Nigeria
Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Austin Obiora Ikwudinma
April 2013, 5(4):293-300
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.110441  PMID:23724405
Background: Hepatitis-B infection is not commonly perceived as a serious medical problem in Nigeria. However, chronic hepatitis-B infection, which is a subject of global concern, may lead to lethal liver diseases. Aim: The study was to determine the sero-epidemiology of hepatitis-B surface antigenaemia among adult Nigerians with clinical features of liver diseases attending a primary-care clinic in a resource-constrained setting of Eastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 140 adult Nigerians with clinical features of liver diseases at the primary-care clinic of Federal Medical Centre, Owerri. They made up three groups: 44 patients, 62 patients and 34 patients with clinical features of hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, respectively. Hepatitis-B surface antigen (HBsAg) was assayed using an immunochromatographic method. Demographic variables were collected. Results: The overall sero-positivity rate was 50.7%. The sero-positivity rates for these patients were 23.9%, 39.5% and 36.6% for hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, respectively. The age group 40-60 years ( P = 0.048) and artisans ( P = 0.019) were significantly infected. Abdominal swelling (86.4%) and ascites (67.1%) were the most common symptoms and signs, respectively. Conclusion: HBsAg prevalence was high and has significant association with age and occupation.
  1 1,667 263
AUTHORS REPLY
Assessment of attitude component in KAP studies
Purushottam A Giri, Vidyadhar B Bangal, Deepak B Phalke
April 2013, 5(4):308-308
PMID:23724408
  - 987 244
COMMENTARY
Temporal variation of cardiovascular diseases: An internal biological rhythm disruption may play a role?
Roberto Manfredini, Massimo Gallerani
April 2013, 5(4):280-281
PMID:23724402
  - 826 244
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