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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 630-635

Metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors among police officers


1 Social and Preventive Medicine, Calicut Government Medical College, Kerala, India
2 Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Internal Medicine, Iqra Hospital and Research Center, Calicut, Kerala, India
4 Pharmacology, Calicut Government Medical College, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Jayakrishnan Thayyil
Room 5, Hostel 5, AIIMS, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.104313

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Background: Police force constitutes a special occupational group. They have been shown to be at high risk for the development of cardiovascular diseases. A multitude of factors may be responsible for this. There is very limited documentation of their health status and health surveillance activities are inadequate. Aim: The present study was designed to measure the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors among police officers. Materials and Methods: The design was cross-sectional and spanned 900 policemen ( n = 900). A pre-tested questionnaire was used for collecting historical data. Anthropometric and biochemical measurements were carried out using standard techniques. MS was diagnosed using the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 16.0 software. Results: MS was observed in 16.8% of the study population. High blood pressure and hyper-triglyceridemia were the commonest abnormalities. The prevalence of other cardiovascular risk factors were high body mass index (65.6%), hypertension (37.7%), diabetes (7%), smoking (10%), and alcohol use (48%). Conclusion: Our study identified police officers as a high-risk group for developing CVDs. The findings underscore the need for regular surveillance and lifestyle interventions in this important occupational group.


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