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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 487-490

Successful closure of a bronchopleural fistula by intrapleural administration of fibrin sealant: A case report with review of Literature

1 Department of Internal Medicine; Pulmonary Medicine, St. Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA
2 Department of Internal Medicine; St. Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA
3 Department of Internal Medicine, St. Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA

Correspondence Address:
Hamid Shaaban
Department of Hematology and Oncology, St Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey 07102
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.141660

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Context: There are no established guidelines for the proper treatment of patients with bronchopleural fistulas (BPFs). Apart from attempts to close the fistula, emphasis of treatment and management is placed on preventive measures, early administration of antibiotics, drainage of the empyema and aggressive nutritional and rehabilitative support. Case Report: A 53-year-old male presented with nausea, vomiting, and dry cough with eventual respiratory failure. He was found to have an empyema of the left hemithorax which was managed with thoracostomy drainage and antibiotics. However, he had persistent air leak through the chest tube due to a BPF. Bronchoscopy failed to localize the involved segment. Application of fibrin glue through the chest tube succeeded in completely sealing the leak. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first case report in which fibrin glue was successfully used intrapleurally to close a BPF related to an empyema.

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