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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 322-327

Evaluation of the relationship between musculoskeletal discomforts and occupational stressors among nurses

1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Clinical Biomechanical and Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Alireza Hosseini
No 43, Mozhgan Alley, Hemmat Boulevard, 2nd Appadana Street, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.161250

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Background: Stress in nurses may increase the prevalence of musculoskeletal discomforts. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal discomforts and job stress among nurses and to investigate the association between musculoskeletal discomforts and occupational stressors. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 144 nurses in one of the main referral hospitals of Tehran-Iran were randomly selected and studied. Data were collected by HSE job stress questionnaire and The Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire through interviews with nurses in their workplace. Results: Most reported musculoskeletal discomforts localized in the neck, back, knee and shoulder and the minimal discomforts were in wrist and elbow. On the other hand, stressors such as demand, changes in workplace, control and responsibilities had significant effect on increasing musculoskeletal discomforts of organs such as neck, shoulders and back (P < 0.001). Conclusion: There was a significant association between stressors such as demand, control, responsibilities and changes in workplace and reported musculoskeletal disorders, especially in neck, shoulders and back. It is suggested to use defined programs for management and control of stressors to control occupational stress in nurses. Moreover, prevention of musculoskeletal discomforts due to their high prevalence in the study population is important.

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