Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Visit old site
Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Users Online: 34

 Table of Contents  
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 75-81

Stress, burnout and coping strategies in preclinical medical students

1 Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut; Neuroscience Research Center, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
2 Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon

Date of Web Publication23-Feb-2016

Correspondence Address:
Jawad Fares
Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.177299

Rights and Permissions

It is acknowledged that physicians do not seek the same expert aid for themselves as they would offer their patients. In their preclinical years, medical students appear to espouse comparable behavior. To many, medicine is described as a never-ending path that places the student under heavy stress and burnout from the beginning, leaving him/her vulnerable and with insufficient coping methods. Hence, the objective of this study is to 1) explore the prevalence of stress and burnout among preclinical medical students, and 2) propose solutions to decrease stress and burnout and improve medical education in the preclinical years. A detailed scholarly research strategy using Google Scholar, Scopus, Embase, MEDLINE and PubMed was implemented to highlight key themes that are relevant to preclinical medical students' stress and burnout. Stress varied among different samples of medical students and ranged between 20.9% and 90%. Conversely, burnout ranged between 27% and 75%. Methods that help in reducing the incidence of stress and burnout by promoting strategies that focus on personal engagement, extracurricular activities, positive reinterpretation and expression of emotion, student-led mentorship programs, evaluation systems, career counseling and life coaching should be adopted.

Keywords: Burnout, medical education, medical school, medical student, preclinical years, stress

How to cite this article:
Fares J, Al Tabosh H, Saadeddin Z, El Mouhayyar C, Aridi H. Stress, burnout and coping strategies in preclinical medical students. North Am J Med Sci 2016;8:75-81

How to cite this URL:
Fares J, Al Tabosh H, Saadeddin Z, El Mouhayyar C, Aridi H. Stress, burnout and coping strategies in preclinical medical students. North Am J Med Sci [serial online] 2016 [cited 2023 Mar 26];8:75-81. Available from: https://www.najms.org/text.asp?2016/8/2/75/177299

  Introduction Top

Medicine is a never-ending path and a highly demanding career that appears to leave many medical students at the risk of stress and burnout. A gap in the literature exists regarding the assessment of stress and burnout among preclinical medical students. Although medical schools strive to support students during the training process and aim to graduate knowledgeable, skillful and professional doctors, studies suggest that medical students experience high rates of personal distress, [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13],[14],[15] with latent unfavorable consequences on academic performance, [16],[17],[18] aptitude, [19] professionalism [20],[21],[22],[23],[24],[25],[26],[27] and health [12],[28],[29],[30],[31],[32] [Figure 1]. There is proof that stress and anxiety during medical school foresee future predicaments in physicians, [13] which, in addition to individual torment, may unconstructively affect patient care. [13] Therefore, the objective of this article is to:

  1. Present the epidemiology and manifestations of stress and burnout among preclinical medical students, and
  2. Propose solutions to decrease stress and burnout and improve medical education in the preclinical years.

Figure 1: A model illustrating the relations between contributing factors and health outcomes of burnout among medical students

Click here to view

To explore the central themes and epidemiology of preclinical medical students' stress and burnout reported in the literature, sources were identified by searching Google Scholar, Scopus, Embase, MEDLINE and PubMed for English language articles published between 1953 and 2015. We used the following search terms: Medical student AND stress, burnout, distress, ethics, medical education, professionalism, emotional exhaustion, cynicism or academic performance. Additional studies were identified from the reference lists of these articles. Articles were reviewed critically by authors and included as appropriate to provide readers with a current overview of the research on medical student stress and burnout in the preclinical years.

  Stress Top

Stress is a psychological and physical reaction to the ever-increasing demands of life. To a degree, it is a normal part of medical education and can be a motivator for certain individuals; however, not all students find stress constructive. [13] For many students, stress arouses feelings of fear, incompetence, uselessness, anger and guilt, and can be associated with both psychological and physical morbidities. [33],[34],[35] Among medical students, stress has been reported to be due to academic demands, exams, an inability to cope, helplessness, increased psychological pressure, mental tension, excessive workload, [36] curricular factors, personal life events and the learning environment. [37],[38],[39] These factors can result in decreased life satisfaction, [40] which in turn leads to unprofessional conduct, increased risk of suicidal ideation and serious thoughts of dropping out. [41],[42] The literature reports varying rates of stress among samples of preclinical medical students. Fares et al. [43] rated stress among preclinical students from Lebanon at 62%. Sidik et al., [44] Zaid et al. [45] and Fuad et al. [46] reported stress prevalence that ranges between 41.9% and 46.9% in Malaysian medical students. Moreover, Mosley et al. [8] and Ko et al. [47] reported a stress prevalence of 57% among preclinical medical students in the US and Singapore, respectively. In the UK, Guthrie revealed a 35.4% stress prevalence among preclinical medical students. [48] Similarly in India, Konjengbam et al. [49] reported a 37% stress prevalence among undergraduate medical students. Other studies report lower medical student stress ranging between 20.9% and 29.6%. [50],[51],[52]

  Burnout Top

Burnout is another measure of physical exhaustion and mental distress, which is catalyzed primarily by occupational and professional demands. This syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment culminates in decreased effectiveness at work. [42] A broad range of professions that heavily involve human interactions, such as physicians, [53],[54] nurses [55],[56] and educators, [57] experience burnout. Burnout is associated with decreased job performance [58] and reduced job commitment [56] and predicts stress-related health problems [59] and low career satisfaction. [60],[61],[62] It is well established in the literature that workload, lack of support and loss of control at times contribute to a sense of emotional exhaustion in those who endure medical education. [42],[43] In addition, feelings of reduced personal accomplishment, overwork and emotional commitment to medicine can lead to depersonalization. [8] Hence, the development of burnout begins during the preclinical years, in which the setting is that of overwhelming work and facts to be learned with limited resources of time and memory, and continues throughout the clinical years. [33],[43],[52]

Burnout and stress are symptomatically similar, with burnout attributed specifically to occupational or academic stressors. [63] McManus et al. [64] proposed that there is a cyclic relation between stress and emotional exhaustion, which suggests that heightened levels of stress and poor coping strategies may be key contributors in the development of burnout.

A study in Lebanon that measures burnout risk in preclinical medical students showed that 75% suffered from burnout. [43] Another study from Spain revealed that 14.8% experienced burnout. [65] The varying levels of stress and burnout in different countries can be attributed to the life stressors that vary from one region to another. In addition to academic and medical school stressors, socioeconomic, political, conflict-related and health-related factors contribute to the increased levels of stress and burnout. In Lebanon, a Middle Eastern country amid conflicts and regional instability, [66],[67],[68],[69],[70] stress and burnout levels are expected to be higher than in Spain, for example, where similar stressors are relatively non-existent.

Numerous studies note rates of burnout between 25% and 60% in a wide spectrum of health-related specialties. [71],[72],[73],[74],[75],[76] Nine US-based studies on burnout in medical students reported a prevalence ranging between 45% and 71%. [4],[38],[40],[42],[77],[78],[79],[80],[81] [Table 1] shows the prevalence of stress and burnout in studies that include preclinical medical students from 1988 until 2015.
Table 1: Stress and burnout levels in studies involving preclinical medical students between 1988 and 2015

Click here to view

  Coping Mechanisms and Proposed Solutions Top

Students use various coping mechanisms to process stress [Figure 2]. Strategies that involve engagement such as problem solving, positive reinterpretation and expression of emotion, facilitate student adaptation, [2],[8],[33],[43],[82] which reduces anxiety and depression and their effects on mental wellbeing [59] and physical health. [82] Extracurricular activities involving music and physical exercise have been associated with decreased stress and burnout levels in preclinical medical students. [43] Unfortunately, few students seek help, [83] and distress often continues into residency and beyond [13] where it may have adverse effects on the quality of patient care delivered. [84],[85] Therefore, it is critical for medical educators to understand the prevalence and severity of student stress and burnout, the potential adverse personal and professional consequences and the institutional factors that can affect student health from an early time.
Figure 2: Methods and strategies that help in reducing stress and burnout in preclinical medical students

Click here to view

Student-led support programs that are designed to promote the mentorship of junior students by senior students are recommended because they appear to lower student stress and ultimately burnout. Although the Association of American Medical Colleges urges medical schools to foster relationships between faculty members and students to promote a positive learning environment, [86] we agree with Wolf et al. [87] that student-guided programs may present a stronger source of support and promote positive strategies for coping with stress. Mouret [88] proposed that senior medical students can more easily relate to challenges encountered by junior students. Many studies have shown that such events help in easing anxiety and stress and preventing burnout. [14],[89],[90],[91],[92]

Linzer et al. [93] and Freedborn et al. [94] discussed the importance of autonomy as a central component of physician job satisfaction. Dyrbye et al. [95] believed that autonomy was likely to be important for medical students as well. Students bring unique perspectives to curriculum committees and provide them a sense of ownership in their educational experience. [95]

The evaluation system used to assess student performance can also have a massive effect on the learning environment. Robins et al. [96] evaluated the effect of changing from numerical and letter grading schemes to a pass-fail grading system on student performance and satisfaction; they reported that students' satisfaction with the evaluation system and learning environment improved with the pass-fail approach. Although certain medical schools foster a pass-fail evaluation system for the preclinical years, we believe that the competitive mentality of the students that has developed during the premedical years continues throughout the preclinical years and can lead to anxiety and distress.

We agree with Stewart et al. [33] and Park and Adler [82] that early poor academic performance in medical school, mental health problems and avoidant coping mechanisms may place students at risk of distress both during and after medical school. We suggest that medical schools offer career counseling, life-coaching and confidential resources covered by the university's health insurance plan to help these students. We also believe that student-led support groups, discussed earlier, can help students in processing conflict, raising self-awareness and nurturing empathy. Maslach [97] added that peer discussion groups also provide opportunities for students to express, analyze and share feelings, which decreases the likelihood of burnout. Pololi and Frankel [98] asserted that shared reflections helped students in realizing that their struggles were common and provided an insight into how colleagues solved similar problems.

More work can also be done to improve the stress and burnout conditions of preclinical medical students. Parkerson et al. [14] emphasized the importance of encouraging students to promote personal health with regular physical activity and adequate sleep. In addition, Wolf [99] and Gaber and Martin [100] believed that students should be provided with appropriate periods of rest during holidays and between modules to allow them to dissociate from the rigors of education and training. The transformation of medical students into medical doctors who are care-giving, compassionate, knowledgeable, well-appearing, and healthy requires improving the living and learning conditions during their medical education. [62]

  Conclusion Top

This article implemented a detailed scholarly research strategy to highlight key themes that are relevant to preclinical medical students' stress and burnout by introducing their definitions and exploring their prevalence and causes. In addition, this article proposed expert strategies and theories to help in reducing the incidence of stress and burnout and in promoting well-being among medical schools. Stress varied among the different samples of preclinical medical students and ranged between 20.9% and >90%, whereas the burnout prevalence rates ranged between 27% and 75%. As a result of work overload, overwhelming academic pressures to learn much within a limited time span and a sense of emotional commitment to medicine as a future career, burnout was found to manifest early among preclinical medical students; it then continues through the clinical years. High stress and burnout levels are associated with decreased life satisfaction, serious thoughts of dropping out and suicidal ideations; these cyclically lead to poorer performance, reduced commitment and higher levels of stress. It is particularly important to propose and implement strategies to reduce the incidence of stress and burnout among preclinical medical students to strengthen their commitment to medicine as a profession and allow for better future patient care. Strategies that focus on personal engagement, positive reinterpretation and expression of emotion, support programs delivered by senior students and extracurricular activities (mainly musical and physical activities) are among the coping mechanisms that are needed to reduce anxiety and thus, stress and burnout. It is the duty of medical educators to facilitate the utilization of such coping mechanisms to allow for smoother preclinical years and eventually more fruitful clinical years with physicians dedicated to providing the best care and commitment to patients.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Guthrie EA, Black D, Shaw CM. Hamilton J, Creed FH, Tomenson B. Embarking upon a medical career: Psychological morbidity in first year medical students. Med Educ 1995;29:337-41.  Back to cited text no. 1
Moffat KJ, McConnachie A, Ross S, Morrison JM. First year medical student stress and coping in a problem-based learning medical curriculum. Med Educ 2004;38:482-91.  Back to cited text no. 2
Aktekin M, Karaman T, Senol YY, Erdem S, Erengin H, Akaydin M. Anxiety, depression and stressful life events among medical students: A prospective study in Antalya, Turkey. Med Educ 2005;35:12-7.  Back to cited text no. 3
Guthrie E, Black D, Bagalkote H, Shaw C, Campbell M, Creed F. Psychological stress and burnout in medical students: A five-year prospective longitudinal study. J R Soc Med 1998;91:237-43.  Back to cited text no. 4
Givers JL, Tjia J. Depressed medical students' use of mental health services and barriers to use. Acad Med 2002;77:918-21.  Back to cited text no. 5
Clark DC, Zeldow PB. Vicissitudes of depressed mood during four years of medical school. JAMA 1988;260:2521-8.  Back to cited text no. 6
Rosal MC, Ockene IS, Ockene JK, Barren SV, Ma Y, Hebert JR. A longitudinal study of students' depression at one medical school. Acad Med 1997;72:542-6.  Back to cited text no. 7
Mosley TH Jr, Perrin SG, Neral SM, Dubbert PM, Grothues CA, Pinto BM. Stress, coping, and well-being among third-year medical students. Acad Med 1994;69:765-7.  Back to cited text no. 8
Roberts LW, Warner TD, Lyketsos C, Frank E, Ganzini L, Carter D.; Collaborative Research Group on Medical Student Health. Perceptions of academic vulnerability associated with personal illness: A study of 1,027 students at nine medical schools. Compr Psychiatry 2004;42:1-15.  Back to cited text no. 9
Vitaliano PP, Maiuro RD, Russo J, Mitchell ES, Carr JE, Van Citters RL. A biopsychosocial model of medical student distress. J Behav Med 1988;11:311-31.  Back to cited text no. 10
Raj SR, Simpson CS, Hopman WM, Singer MA. Health-related quality of life among final-year medical students. CMAJ 2000;162:509-10.  Back to cited text no. 11
Ball S, Bax A. Self-care in medical education: Effectiveness of health-habits interventions for first-year medical students. Acad Med 2002;77:911-7.  Back to cited text no. 12
Tyssen R, Vaglum P, Gronvold NT, Ekeberg O. Suicidal ideation among medical students and young physicians: A nationwide and prospective study of prevalence and predictors. J Affect Disord 2001;64:69-79.  Back to cited text no. 13
Parkerson GR Jr, Broadhead WE, Tse CK. The health status and life satisfaction of first-year medical students. Acad Med 1990;65:586-8.  Back to cited text no. 14
Carson AJ, Dias S, Johnston A, McLoughlin MA, O'Connor M, Robinson BL, et al. Mental health in medical students: A case control study using the 60 item General Health Questionnaire. Scott Med J 2000;45:115-6.  Back to cited text no. 15
Spiegel DA, Smolen RC, Jonas CK. An examination of the relationships among interpersonal stress, morale and academic performance in male and female medical students. Soc Sci Med 1986;23:1157-61.  Back to cited text no. 16
Spiegel DA, Smolen RC, Hopfensperger KA. Medical student stress and clerkship performance. J Med Educ 1986;61:929-31.  Back to cited text no. 17
Hojat M, Robeson M, Damjanov I, Veloski JJ, Glaser K, Gonnella JS. Students' psychosocial characteristics as predictors of academic performance in medical school. Acad Med 1993;68:635-7.  Back to cited text no. 18
Hojat M, Gonnella JS, Mangione S, Nasca TJ, Veloski JJ, Erdmann JB, et al. Empathy in medical students as related to academic performance, clinical competence and gender. Med Educ 2002;36:522-7.  Back to cited text no. 19
Woloschuk W, Harasym PH, Temple W. Attitude change during medical school: A cohort study. Med Educ 2004;38: 522-34.  Back to cited text no. 20
Hojat M, Mangione S, Nasca T, Rattner S, Erdmann JB, Gonnella JS, et al. An empirical study of decline in empathy in medical school. Med Educ 2004;38:934-41.  Back to cited text no. 21
Crandall SJ, VoIk RJ, Loemker V. Medical students' attitudes toward providing care for the underserved: Are we training socially responsible physicians? JAMA 1993;269:2519-23.  Back to cited text no. 22
Rezler AG, Ten Haken JT. Affect and research in medical education. Med Educ 1984;18:331-8.  Back to cited text no. 23
Eron LD. D. The effect of medical education on attitudes: A follow-up study. J Med Educ 1958;33:25-33.  Back to cited text no. 24
Wolf TM, Balson PM, Faucett JM, Randall HM. A retrospective study of attitude change during medical education. Med Educ 1989;23:19-23.  Back to cited text no. 25
Eron LD. Effect of medical education on medical students' attitudes. J Med Educ 1955;30:559-66.  Back to cited text no. 26
Rezler AG, Flaherty JA. The Interpersonal Dimension in Medical Education. New York, NY: Springer; 1985.  Back to cited text no. 27
Gutgesell M, Reeve R, Parsons B, Morse RM. Exercise and alcohol consumption among medical students. Acad Med 1999;74:750-1.  Back to cited text no. 28
Croen LG, Woesner M, Herman M, Reichgott M. A longitudinal study of substance use and abuse in a single class of medical students. Acad Med 1997;72:376-81.  Back to cited text no. 29
Clark D, Eckenfels EJ, Daugherty SR, Fawcett J. Alcohol-use patterns through medical school: A longitudinal study of one class. JAMA 1987;257:2921-6.  Back to cited text no. 30
Mangus RS, Hawkins CE, Miller MJ. Tobacco and alcohol use among 1996 medical school graduates. JAMA 1998;280:1192-3, 1195.  Back to cited text no. 31
Newbury-Birch D, Walshaw D, Kamali F. Drink and drugs: From medical students to doctors. Drug Alcohol Depend 2001;64:265-70.  Back to cited text no. 32
Stewart SM, Betson C, Lam TH, Marshall IB, Lee PW, Wong CM. Predicting stress in first year medical students: A longitudinal study. Med Educ 1997;31:163-8.  Back to cited text no. 33
Bramness JG, Fixdal TC, Vaglum P. Effect of medical school stress on the mental health of medical students in early and late clinical curriculum. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1991;84:340-5.  Back to cited text no. 34
Tyssen R, Vaglum P, Grønvold NT, Ekeberg O. Factors in medical school that predict postgraduate mental health problems in need of treatment: A nationwide and longitudinal study. Med Educ 2001;35:110-20.  Back to cited text no. 35
Shaikh BT, Kahloon A, Kazmi M, Khalid H, Nawaz K, Khan N, et al. Students, stress and coping strategies: A case of Pakistani medical school. Educ Health (Abingdon) 2001;17:346-53.  Back to cited text no. 36
Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Huntington JL, Lawson KL, Novotny PJ, Sloan JA, et al. Personal life events and medical student burnout: A multicenter study. Acad Med 2006;81:374-84.  Back to cited text no. 37
Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Harper W, Massie FS Jr, Power DV, Eacker A, et al. The learning environment and medical student burnout: A multicentre study. Med Educ 2009;43:274-82.  Back to cited text no. 38
Santen SA, Holt DB, Kemp JD, Hemphill RR. Burnout in medical students: Examining the prevalence and associated factors. South Med J 2010;103:758-63.  Back to cited text no. 39
Kjeldstadli K, Tyssen R, Finset A, Hem E, Gude T, Gronvold NT, et al. Life satisfaction and resilience in medical school - A six-year longitudinal, nationwide and comparative study. BMC Med Educ 2006;6:48.  Back to cited text no. 40
Dyrbye LN, Massie FS Jr, Eacker A, Harper W, Power D, Durning SJ, et al. Relationship between burnout and professional conduct and attitudes among US medical students. JAMA 2010;304:1173-80.  Back to cited text no. 41
Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Massie FS, Power DV, Eacker A, Harper W, et al. Burnout and suicidal ideation among U.S. medical students. Ann Intern Med 2008;149:334-41.  Back to cited text no. 42
Fares J, Saadeddin Z, Al Tabosh H, Aridi H, El-Mouhayyar C, Koleilat MK, et al. Extracurricular activities associated with stress and burnout in preclinical medical students. J Epidemiol Glob Health 2015. [Epub ahead of print].   Back to cited text no. 43
Sidik SM, Rampal L, Kaneson N. Prevalence of emotional disorders among medical students in a Malaysian university. Asia Pac Fam Med 2003;2:213-7.  Back to cited text no. 44
Zaid ZA, Chan SC, Ho JJ. Emotional disorders among medical students in a Malaysian private medical school. Singapore Med J 2007;48:895-9.  Back to cited text no. 45
Fuad MD, Al-Zurfi BM, Qader MA, Abu Bakar MF, Elnajeh M, Abdullah MR. Prevalence and risk factors of stress, anxiety and depression among medical students of a private medical university in Malaysia. Education in Medicine Journal 2015;7:e52-9.  Back to cited text no. 46
Ko SM, Kua EH, Fones CS. Stress and the undergraduates. Singapore Med J 1999;40:627-30.  Back to cited text no. 47
Guthrie EA, Black D, Shaw CM, Hamilton J, Creed FH, Tomenson B. Psychological stress in medical students: A comparison of two very different university courses. Stress Med 1997;13:179-84.  Back to cited text no. 48
Konjengbam S, Laishram J, Singh BA, Elangbam V. Psychological morbidity among undergraduate medical students. Indian J Public Health 2015;59:65-6.  Back to cited text no. 49
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
Sarikaya O, Civaner M, Kalaca S. The anxieties of medical students related to clinical training. Int J Clin Pract 2006; 60:1414-8.  Back to cited text no. 50
Yusoff MS, Abdul Rahim AF, Yaacob MJ. Prevalence and sources of stress among Universiti Sains Malaysia medical students. Malays J Med Sci 2010;17:30-7.  Back to cited text no. 51
Sreeramareddy CT, Shankar PR, Binu VS, Mukhopadhyay C, Ray B, Menezes RG. Psychological morbidity, sources of stress and coping strategies among undergraduate medical students of Nepal. BMC Med Educ 2007;7:26.  Back to cited text no. 52
Gundersen L. Physician burnout. Ann Intern Med 2001;135: 145-8.  Back to cited text no. 53
Ramirez AJ, Graham J, Richards MA, Cull A, Gregory WM, Leaning MS, et al. Burnout and psychiatric disorder among cancer clinicians. Br J Cancer 1995;71:1263-9.  Back to cited text no. 54
Kilfedder CJ, Power KG, Wells TJ. Burnout in psychiatric nursing. J Adv Nurs 2001;34:383-96.  Back to cited text no. 55
Leiter MP, Harvie P, Frizzell C. The correspondence of patient satisfaction and nurse burnout. Soc Sci Med 1998; 47:1611-7.  Back to cited text no. 56
Cherniss C. Beyond Burnout: Helping Teachers, Nurses, Therapists, and Lawyers Recover from Stress and Disillusionment. New York, NY: Psychology Press; 1995.  Back to cited text no. 57
Parker PA, Kulik JA. Burnout, self-and supervisor-rated job performance, and absenteeism among nurses. J Behav Med 1995;18:581-99.  Back to cited text no. 58
Maslach C, Schaufeli WB, Leiter MP. Job burnout. Annu Rev Psychol 2001;52:397-422.  Back to cited text no. 59
Goldberg R, Boss RW, Chan L, Goldberg J, Mallon WK, Moradzadeh D, et al. Burnout and its correlates in emergency physicians: Four years' experience with a wellness booth. Acad Emerg Med 1996;3:1156-64.  Back to cited text no. 60
Lemkau JP, Rafferty JP, Gordon R Jr. Burnout and career-choice regret among family practice physicians in early practice. Fam Pract Res J 1994;14:213-22.  Back to cited text no. 61
Ayoub F, Fares Y, Fares J. The psychological attitude of patients toward health practitioners in Lebanon. N Am J Med Sci 2015;7:452-8.  Back to cited text no. 62
Maslach C, Jackson SE, Leiter MP. The Maslach Burnout Inventory. 3 rd ed. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press; 1996.  Back to cited text no. 63
McManus IC, Keeling A, Paice E. Stress, burnout and doctors' attitudes to work are determined by personality and learning style: A twelve year longitudinal study of UK medical graduates. BMC Med 2004;2:29.   Back to cited text no. 64
Galán F, Sanmartín A, Polo J, Giner L. Burnout risk in medical students in Spain using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2011;84:453-9.  Back to cited text no. 65
Fares Y, Fares J. Anatomical and neuropsychological effects of cluster munitions. Neurol Sci 2013; 34: 2095-100.  Back to cited text no. 66
Fares Y, El-Zaatari M, Fares J, Bedrosian N, Yared N. Trauma-related infections due to cluster munitions. J Infect Public Health 2013;6:482-6.  Back to cited text no. 67
Fares Y, Ayoub F, Fares J, Khazim R, Khazim M, Gebeily S. Pain and neurological sequelae of cluster munitions on children and adolescents in South Lebanon. Neurol Sci 2013; 34:1971-6.  Back to cited text no. 68
Fares Y, Fares J, Gebeily S. Head and facial injuries due to cluster munitions. Neurol Sci 2014; 35: 905-10.  Back to cited text no. 69
Hoteit A, Fares J. Psycho-environmental tribulations arising from cluster munitions in South Lebanon. Sci-Afric Journal of Scientific Issues, Research and Essays 2014;2:469-73.  Back to cited text no. 70
Robinson GE. Stresses on women physicians: Consequences and coping techniques. Depress Anxiety 2003;17:180-9.  Back to cited text no. 71
Doyle C, Hind P. Occupational stress, burnout and job status in female academics. Gend Work Organ 1998;5:67-82.  Back to cited text no. 72
Firth-Cozens J. Source of stress in women junior house officers. BMJ 1990;301:89-91.  Back to cited text no. 73
McMurray JE, Linzer M, Konrad TR, Douglas J, Shugerman R, Nelson K. The work lives of women physicians results from the physician work life study. The SGIM Career Satisfaction Study Group. J Gen Intern Med 2000;15:372-80.  Back to cited text no. 74
Gadzella BM, Ginther DW, Tomcala M, Bryant GW. Stress as perceived by professionals. Psychol Rep 1990;67:979-83.  Back to cited text no. 75
Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Gallery ME, Cockington RA, Gaudry P, Heyworth J, et al. Work-related stress and depression among practicing emergency physicians: An international study. Ann Emerg Med 1994;23:1068-71.  Back to cited text no. 76
Peisah C, Latif E, Wilhelm K, Williams B. Secrets to psychological success: Why older doctors might have lower psychological distress and burnout than younger doctors. Aging Ment Health 2009;13:300-7.  Back to cited text no. 77
Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Huschka MM, Lawson KL, Novotny PJ, Sloan JA, et al. A multicenter study of burnout, depression, and quality of life in minority and nonminority US medical students. Mayo Clin Proc 2006;81:1435-42.  Back to cited text no. 78
Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Eaker A, Harper W, Massie FS Jr, Power DV, et al. Race, ethnicity, and medical student well-being in the United States. Arch Intern Med 2007;167: 2103-9.  Back to cited text no. 79
Dyrbye LN, Harper W, Durning SJ, Moutier C, Thomas MR, Massie FS Jr, et al. Patterns of Distress in US Medical Students. Med Teach 2011;33:834-9.   Back to cited text no. 80
Dahlin ME, Runeson B. Burnout and psychiatric morbidity among medical students entering clinical training: A three year prospective questionnaire and interview-based study. BMC Med Educ 2007;7:6.  Back to cited text no. 81
Park CL, Adler NE. Coping style as a predictor of health and well-being across the first year of medical school. Health Psychol 2003;22:627-31.  Back to cited text no. 82
Tjia J, Givens JL, Shea JA. Factors associated with undertreatment of medical student depression. J Am Coll Health 2005;53:219-24.  Back to cited text no. 83
Shanafelt TD, Balch CM, Bechamps G, Russell T, Dyrbye L, Satele D, et al. Burnout and medical errors among American surgeons. Ann Surg 2010;251:995-1000.  Back to cited text no. 84
West CP, Huschka MM, Novotny PJ, Sloan JA, Kolars JC, Habermann TM, et al. Association of perceived medical errors with resident distress and empathy: A prospective longitudinal study. JAMA 2006;296:1071-8.  Back to cited text no. 85
Association of American Medical Colleges. Physicians for the Twenty-First Century: The GPEP Report: Report of the Panel on the General Professional Education of the Physician and College Preparation for Medicine. Washington, DC: Association of American Medical Colleges; 1984.  Back to cited text no. 86
Wolf TM, Randall HM, Faucett JM. A survey of health promotion programs in U.S. and Canadian medical schools. Am J Health Promot 1988;3:33-6.  Back to cited text no. 87
Mouret GM. Stress in a graduate medical degree. Med J Aust 2002;177(Suppl):S10-1.  Back to cited text no. 88
Lemkau JP, Purdy RR, Rafferty JP, Rudisill JR. Correlates of burnout among family practice residents. J Med Educ 1988;63:682-91.  Back to cited text no. 89
Myers DG. The funds, friends, and faith of happy people. Am Psychol 2000;55:56-67.  Back to cited text no. 90
Lee J, Graham AV. Students' perception of medical school stress and their evaluation of a wellness elective. Med Educ 2001;35:652-9.  Back to cited text no. 91
Rathbun J. Helping medical students develop lifelong strategies to cope with stress. Acad Med 1995;70:955-6.  Back to cited text no. 92
Linzer M, Visser MR, Oort FJ, Smets EM, McMurray JE, de Haes HC; Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) Career Satisfaction Study Group (CSSG). Predicting and preventing physician burnout: Results from the United States and the Netherlands. Am J Med 2001;111:170-5.  Back to cited text no. 93
Freedborn DK. Satisfaction, commitment, and psychological well-being among HMO physicians. Permanente J 2000;2:22-30.  Back to cited text no. 94
Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Shanafelt TD. Medical student distress: Causes, consequences, and proposed solutions. Mayo Clin Proc 2005;80:1613-22.  Back to cited text no. 95
Robins LS, Fantone JC, Oh MS, Alexander GL, Shlafer M, Davis WK. The effect of pass/fail grading and weekly quizzes on first-year students' performances and satisfaction. Acad Med 1995;70:327-9.  Back to cited text no. 96
Maslach C. Burned out. Hum Behav 1976;5:16-22.  Back to cited text no. 97
Pololi L, Frankel RM. Small-group teaching emphasizing reflection can positively influence medical students' values. Acad Med 2001;76:1172-3.  Back to cited text no. 98
Wolf TM. Stress, coping and health: Enhancing well-being during medical school. Med Educ 1994;28:8-17; discussion 55-7.  Back to cited text no. 99
Gaber RR, Martin DM. Still-Well osteopathic medical student wellness program. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2002;102: 289-92.  Back to cited text no. 100


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]

  [Table 1]

This article has been cited by
1 Supporting students with empathy: the association between empathy and coping strategies in pre-clinical medical students
Stefano Ardenghi, Selena Russo, Marco Bani, Giulia Rampoldi, Maria Grazia Strepparava
Current Psychology. 2023;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
2 Burnout in Israeli medical students: a national survey
Peter Gilbey, Mandy Moffat, Adi Sharabi-Nov, Omri Cohen, Galit Neufeld Kroszynski, Orit Karnieli-Miller, Roni Gillis, Jacob Urkin, Khen Moscovici
BMC Medical Education. 2023; 23(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
3 Evidence-based operational model for conducting an online, synchronous, proctored, closed book professional examination during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown
Jaiprakash Mohanraj, Ivan Rolland Karkada, Rusli Nordin
F1000Research. 2023; 12: 249
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 Evaluation of an App-Delivered Psychological Flexibility Skill Training Intervention for Medical Student Burnout and Well-being: Randomized Controlled Trial
Elizabeth Ditton, Brendon Knott, Nicolette Hodyl, Graeme Horton, Christopher Oldmeadow, Frederick Rohan Walker, Michael Nilsson
JMIR Mental Health. 2023; 10: e42566
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
5 Medical Student Experiences of Engaging in a Psychological Flexibility Skill Training App for Burnout and Well-being: Pilot Feasibility Study
Elizabeth Ditton, Brendon Knott, Nicolette Hodyl, Graeme Horton, Frederick Rohan Walker, Michael Nilsson
JMIR Formative Research. 2023; 7: e43263
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
6 Anxiety, depression, and academic stress among medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic
Lorena Avila-Carrasco, Daisy Lorena Díaz-Avila, Adrian Reyes-López, Joel Monarrez-Espino, Idalia Garza-Veloz, Perla Velasco-Elizondo, Sodel Vázquez-Reyes, Alejandro Mauricio-González, Jorge Alfonso Solís-Galván, Margarita L. Martinez-Fierro
Frontiers in Psychology. 2023; 13
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
7 Neck and Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Symptoms Secondary to Maladaptive Postures Caused by Cell Phones and Backpacks in School-Aged Children and Adolescents
Danny G. Warda, Uzoma Nwakibu, Ali Nourbakhsh
Healthcare. 2023; 11(6): 819
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
8 Academic Burnout, Family Functionality, Perceived Social Support and Coping among Graduate Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Diego Andrade, Icaro J. S. Ribeiro, Viktória Prémusz, Orsolya Maté
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2023; 20(6): 4832
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
9 Stress in Medical Students: PRIMES, an Italian, Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study
Paolo Leombruni, Alessio Corradi, Giuseppina Lo Moro, Anna Acampora, Antonella Agodi, Daniele Celotto, Maria Chironna, Silvia Cocchio, Vincenza Cofini, Marcello Mario D’Errico, Carolina Marzuillo, Maria Pavia, Vincenzo Restivo, Licia Veronesi, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Fabrizio Bert, Roberta Siliquini
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(9): 5010
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
10 E-Learning Satisfaction, Stress, Quality of Life, and Coping: A Cross-Sectional Study in Italian University Students a Year after the COVID-19 Pandemic Began
Vincenza Cofini, Enrico Perilli, Annalucia Moretti, Valeria Bianchini, Matteo Perazzini, Mario Muselli, Sabrina Lanzi, Loreta Tobia, Leila Fabiani, Stefano Necozione
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13): 8214
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
11 The US Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Scoring Change: A Survey of Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Applicants From the 2019 to 2020 Match Cycle
Alexandra M. Arguello, Diep N. Edwards, Matthew R. Cohn, Michael D. Johnson, S. Elizabeth Ames, Raffi S. Avedian, Brent A. Ponce, Monica Kogan
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2022; Publish Ah
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
12 Factors That Predispose Undergraduates to Mental Issues: A Cumulative Literature Review for Future Research Perspectives
Pierpaolo Limone, Giusi Antonia Toto
Frontiers in Public Health. 2022; 10
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
13 The impact of social support and stress on academic burnout among medical students in online learning: The mediating role of resilience
Yue Liu, Zhe Cao
Frontiers in Public Health. 2022; 10
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
14 The Effect of Auriculotherapy on Situational Anxiety Trigged by Examinations: A Randomized Pilot Trial
Andreia Vieira, Paula Sousa, Alexandra Moura, Lara Lopes, Cristiane Silva, Nicola Robinson, Jorge Machado, António Moreira
Healthcare. 2022; 10(10): 1816
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. 2022; : 24
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
16 Assessing the Efficacy of an Individualized Psychological Flexibility Skills Training Intervention App for Medical Student Burnout and Well-being: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial
Elizabeth Ditton, Brendon Knott, Nicolette Hodyl, Graeme Horton, Frederick Rohan Walker, Michael Nilsson
JMIR Research Protocols. 2022; 11(2): e32992
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
17 Extracurricular Humanism in Medicine Initiative and Medical Student Wellness: Retrospective Study
Elizabeth Diane Auckley, Jeff Barbee, Nicole Verbeck, Tracie McCambridge, Linda Stone, Jennifer Garvin
JMIR Formative Research. 2022; 6(9): e37252
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
18 Perceived Stress Levels of Preclinical Medical Students Before and After the Online Exam and Methods of Coping with Stress
Tip Egitimi Dünyasi. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
Alena Vosecková, Zuzana Truhlárová, Pavel Blažek
Military Medical Science Letters. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
20 Burnout rates among Lebanese pre-final and final year medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic: A multi-centered survey-based study
Cassandra Nasr, Elie Bou Sanayeh, Cynthia Nasr, Georges Merheb, Marcel Massoud
Work. 2022; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
21 Mental health and wellbeing among Egyptian medical students: a cross-sectional study
Dina Aly El-Gabry, Tarek Okasha, Nermin Shaker, Doha Elserafy, Mariam Yehia, Karim Abdel Aziz, Dinesh Bhugra, Andrew Molodynski, Hossam Elkhatib
Middle East Current Psychiatry. 2022; 29(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
22 Personality traits and quality of life among Lebanese medical students: any mediating effect of emotional intelligence? A path analysis approach
Elise Maalouf, Souheil Hallit, Sahar Obeid
BMC Psychology. 2022; 10(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
23 Perceived stress and study-related behavior and experience patterns of medical students: a cross-sectional study
Kambiz Afshar, Birgitt Wiese, Stephanie Stiel, Nils Schneider, Bettina Engel
BMC Medical Education. 2022; 22(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
24 Effective coping strategies utilised by medical students for mental health disorders during undergraduate medical education-a scoping review
Kamran Sattar, Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff, Wan Nor Arifin, Mohd Azhar Mohd Yasin, Mohd Zarawi Mat Nor
BMC Medical Education. 2022; 22(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
25 Life satisfaction, resilience and coping mechanisms among medical students during COVID-19
Sonia Ijaz Haider, Farhatulain Ahmed, Hassan Pasha, Hadia Pasha, Nudrat Farheen, Muhammad Talha Zahid, Ali B. Mahmoud
PLOS ONE. 2022; 17(10): e0275319
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
26 Medical Students’ Participation in Extracurricular Activities: Motivations, Contributions, and Barriers. A Qualitative Study
Renata Nunes Achar Fujii, Renata Kobayasi, Sylvia Claassen Enns, Patricia Zen Tempski
Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2022; Volume 13: 1133
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
27 Effectiveness of Pre- and Post-Clinical Conferences in Improving Clinical Learning Among Midwifery Students of Jimma University: Pre-Experimental Study
Kebenesa Angasu Kitaba
Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2022; Volume 13: 1171
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
28 The relationship between school burnout, sense of school belonging and academic achievement in preclinical medical students
Servet Aker, Mustafa Kürsat Sahin
Advances in Health Sciences Education. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
29 Post-traumatic Growth and Resilience among American Medical Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Cynthia Luo, Gabriel Santos-Malave, Kanako Taku, Craig Katz, Robert Yanagisawa
Psychiatric Quarterly. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
30 Acceptance and effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions within regular university course teaching: Comparison of two different formats with a control group
Anna Westbrock, Birte Dohnke
Current Psychology. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
31 Association of internet addiction with depression, anxiety, stress, and the quality of sleep: mediation analysis approach in Serbian medical students
Miloš Stankovic, Milkica Nešic
Current Research in Behavioral Sciences. 2022; : 100071
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
32 Network analysis of psychological factors related to academic pressure faced by medical students in the central and highland regions of Vietnam
Minh Tu Nguyen, Thanh Gia Nguyen, Tho Thi Anh Tran, Thi Thanh Nhan Nguyen, Dinh Duong Le, Thi Thanh Binh Nguyen, Huu Hai Hoang, Thi Linh Dan Ho, Binh Thang Tran
Medical Education Online. 2022; 27(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
33 Stress amongst dental students in the transition from preclinical training to clinical training: A qualitative study
Franciele de Souza Ferreira, Isabela Barros, Tamíris da Costa Neves, Júlia Margato Pazos, Patrícia Petromilli Nordi Sasso Garcia
European Journal of Dental Education. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
34 Prevalence of burnout in medical students: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Hessah Almutairi, Abeer Alsubaiei, Sara Abduljawad, Amna Alshatti, Feten Fekih-Romdhane, Mariwan Husni, Haitham Jahrami
International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 2022; : 0020764022
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
35 Teacher Injustice and Classroom Citizenship Behavior of Pakistani Nursing Students: A Moderated Mediation Model
Syed Harris Laeeque, Madeeha Ali
Psychological Reports. 2022; : 0033294122
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
36 “Experiences in Lifestyle Medicine”: A Medical School Elective
Allison Ogawa, Ted D. Barnett, Carol Hee Barnett, Susan M. Friedman
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 2022; : 1559827622
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
37 Learning burnout and its association with perceived stress, social support, and the Big Five personality traits in Chinese medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study
Simeng Wang, Honghe Li, Xin Chen, Nan Yan, Deliang Wen
BMC Psychiatry. 2022; 22(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
38 A cross sectional study: The association between sleeping quality and stress among second and third medical students at the University of Jordan
AA Toubasi, BR Khraisat, RB AbuAnzeh, HM Kalbouneh
The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. 2021; : 0091217421
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
39 Prevalence of burnout in medical students in China
You Li,Liang Cao,Chunbao Mo,Dechan Tan,Tingyu Mai,Zhiyong Zhang
Medicine. 2021; 100(26): e26329
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
40 Accelerated 3-Year MD Pathway Programs
Shou Ling Leong, Colleen Gillespie, Betsy Jones, Tonya Fancher, Catherine L. Coe, Lisa Dodson, Matthew Hunsaker, Britta Thompson, Angela Dempsey, Robert Pallay, William Crump, Joan Cangiarella
Academic Medicine. 2021; Publish Ah
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
41 Quality and Safety in Healthcare, Part LXV
Jay A. Harolds
Clinical Nuclear Medicine. 2021; 46(1): 31
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
42 Quality and Safety in Healthcare, Part LXVI
Jay A. Harolds
Clinical Nuclear Medicine. 2021; 46(2): 133
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
43 Quality and Safety in Healthcare, Part LXVII
Jay A. Harolds
Clinical Nuclear Medicine. 2021; 46(3): 220
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
44 Quality and Safety in Healthcare, Part LXVIII
Jay A. Harolds
Clinical Nuclear Medicine. 2021; 46(4): 323
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
45 Feasibility and effectiveness of stress management skill training in medical students
Naresh Nebhinani, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Mamta
Medical Journal Armed Forces India. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
46 Stress, Burnout, and Coping among First-Year Medical Undergraduates
Naresh Nebhinani,Pooja Patnaik Kuppili
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
47 Clinical education-related stressors and emotional states during clinical education among physical therapy students
Daisuke Higuchi, Ayumi Echigo
Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. 2021; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
48 Need Fulfillment and Resilience Mediate the Relationship between Mindfulness and Coping in Medical Students
Adam Neufeld,Greg Malin
Teaching and Learning in Medicine. 2021; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
49 Gut Games: a Board Game to Integrate Basic and Clinical Sciences for the Classroom
Aaron Z. Katrikh,Maureen H. Richards,Christopher Ferrigno
Medical Science Educator. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
50 Burnout and clinical learning environment among residents in Tehran: A cross-sectional study
Nastaran Maghbouli,Farzad Fatehi,Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad,Saeed Pourhassan,Amir Ali Sohrabpour,Jemal Haidar Ali
Heliyon. 2021; 7(6): e07238
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
51 Associations between posttraumatic stress symptoms, perceived social support and psychological distress among disaster-exposed Chinese young adults: A three-wave longitudinal mediation model
Guangzhe Yuan,Wei Shi,Sarah Lowe,Kay Chang,Todd Jackson,Brian J. Hall
Journal of Psychiatric Research. 2021; 137: 491
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
52 Impact of Social Distancing on the Mental Health of Parents and Children in Qatar
Mohamed Abdelrahman,Duaa Al-Adwan,Youssef Hasan
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
53 And if we had to do it all over again, would we send medical students to the emergency departments during a pandemic? Lessons learned from the COVID-19 outbreak
Thierry Pelaccia,Jean Sibilia,Élodie Fels,Lucas Gauer,Audrey Musanda,François Severac,Milena Abbiati
Internal and Emergency Medicine. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
54 A predictive model of happiness among medical students
Leopoldo Daniel-González,José Moral-de la Rubia,Adrián Valle-de la O,María Luisa Martínez-Martí,Cirilo H. García-Cadena
Current Psychology. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
55 The Integration of Prelaboratory Assignments within Neuroanatomy Augment Academic Performance, Increase Engagement, and Enhance Intrinsic Motivation in Students
Venugopala Rao Bhagavathula,Viswakanth Bhagavathula,Rohan S. Moinis,Joydeep Dutta Chaudhuri
Anatomical Sciences Education. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
56 Einfluss- und Wirkfaktoren auf Stressbewältigung im Medizinstudium – unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Depressivität
A. M. Cohen,K. Braun,N. Hübner,P. V. Scherner,H. B. Jurkat
Der Nervenarzt. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
57 Exploring the Relationships Between Resilience and News Monitoring with COVID Distress in Health Profession Students
Allison Yu,Michael Wilkes,Ana-Maria Iosif,Margaret Rea,Alice Fisher,Jeffrey Fine,Ross Perry,Elizabeth Rice,Karl Jandrey,Erin Griffin,Andres Sciolla
Academic Psychiatry. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
58 Association of Hand Grip Strength with Psychological Stress, Exercise Habits, and Body Composition Amongst Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study
Samira Barre, Laura Inyingi, Julianna Orrego Castellanos, Agastya Patel, Katarzyna Rückemann-Dziurdzinska, Jacek Witkowski, Ewa Bryl
SSRN Electronic Journal. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
59 Burnout and Associated Factors Among Medical Students in a Public University in Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study
Jonathan Kajjimu,Mark Mohan Kaggwa,Felix Bongomin
Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2021; Volume 12: 63
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
60 Effects of voluntary attendance patterns on first-year medical students’ wellness and academic performance during COVID-19
Joshua Salzman,Macy Williamson,Andrea Epsina-Rey,Jonathan Kibble,Christine Kauffman
Advances in Physiology Education. 2021; 45(3): 634
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
61 Adjusting to university: Perceptions of first-year health professions students
Bunmi S. Malau-Aduli,Mary D. Adu,Faith Alele,Karina Jones,Aaron Drovandi,Martina Mylrea,Kornelija Sfera,Simone Ross,Ernest Jennings,Gabriela Topa
PLOS ONE. 2021; 16(5): e0251634
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
62 Prevalence of burnout among university students in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Mark Mohan Kaggwa,Jonathan Kajjimu,Jonathan Sserunkuma,Sarah Maria Najjuka,Letizia Maria Atim,Ronald Olum,Andrew Tagg,Felix Bongomin,Sabeena Jalal
PLOS ONE. 2021; 16(8): e0256402
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
63 Burnout in medical undergraduate students in Qassim, Saudi Arabia
Abdullah Alqifari,Mashael Alghidani,Ruba Almazyad,Aljowharah Alotaibi,Wijdan A. Alharbi,Entisar Aljumail,Ghaida Alqefari,Abdulmajed Alkamees,Hana Alqifari
Middle East Current Psychiatry. 2021; 28(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
64 Exploring wellbeing in first year medical students amidst a curriculum change
Deborah Merrick,Yvonne Mbaki,Margaret K. Pratten,Timothy G. Simpson
BMC Medical Education. 2021; 21(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
65 How medical students cope with stress: a cross-sectional look at strategies and their sociodemographic antecedents
Adam Neufeld,Greg Malin
BMC Medical Education. 2021; 21(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
66 The associations between coping strategies, psychological health, and career indecision among medical students: a cross-sectional study in China
Yaxin Zhu,Tianming Zuo,Yanni Lai,Shenglin Zhao,Bo Qu
BMC Medical Education. 2021; 21(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
67 Digital mental health literacy -program for the first-year medical students’ wellbeing: a one group quasi-experimental study
Marjo Kurki, Gilbert Sonja, Mishina Kaisa, Lempinen Lotta, Luntamo Terhi, Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki Susanna, Sinokki Atte, Upadhyaya Subina, Wei Yifeng, Sourander Andre
BMC Medical Education. 2021; 21(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
68 “Hello, My Name Is Melinda” – Studentsæ Views on a Digital Assistant for Navigation in Digital Learning Environments; A Qualitative Interview Study
Anne Herrmann-Werner,Teresa Loda,Florian Junne,Stephan Zipfel,Amir Madany Mamlouk
Frontiers in Education. 2021; 5
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
69 Training of scientific personnel in the field of nursing at universities in Austria
????? ?????????? ??????????
Management of Education. 2021; (5(45)): 100
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
70 Stress, Coping, and Resilience Before and After COVID-19: A Predictive Model Based on Artificial Intelligence in the University Environment
Francisco Manuel Morales-Rodríguez,Juan Pedro Martínez-Ramón,Inmaculada Méndez,Cecilia Ruiz-Esteban
Frontiers in Psychology. 2021; 12
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
71 Peri-Traumatic Distress and Its Relationship to Resilience and Coping Among Medical Students in Malaysia During COVID-19 Lockdown
Salina Mohamed, Zaliha Ismail, Norley Shuib, Nur Faizah Ali
Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2021; 12
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
72 Training Characteristics, Personal Factors and Coping Strategies Associated with Burnout in Junior Doctors: A Multi-Center Study
Nurhanis Syazni Roslan,Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff,Asrenee Ab Razak,Karen Morgan,Nor Izzah Ahmad Shauki,Anjanna Kukreja,Norashidah Rahmat,Chin Ri Wei Andrew,Muhammad Fikri Shaharudin Basri,Abdullah Shamshir Abd Mokti,Nur Haziyah Md Yazid,Munirah Ismail,Pangie Bakit
Healthcare. 2021; 9(9): 1208
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
73 Text Neck Syndrome in Children and Adolescents
Daniela David,Cosimo Giannini,Francesco Chiarelli,Angelika Mohn
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4): 1565
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
74 The Impact of Self-Efficacy, Optimism, Resilience and Perceived Stress on Academic Performance and Its Subjective Evaluation: A Cross-Sectional Study
Ovidiu Popa-Velea,Irina Pîrvan,Liliana Veronica Diaconescu
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17): 8911
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
75 Psychological Variables Associated with HPV Vaccination Intent in Romanian Academic Settings
Liliana Veronica Diaconescu,Iuliana Raluca Gheorghe,Tamara Chesches,Ovidiu Popa-Velea
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17): 8938
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
76 Prevalence of Depression in Podiatric Medical Students
David W. Shofler,Elizabeth Oh,Karanjot Kaur,Kaitlin Flavin,Peyman Danesh
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association. 2021; 111(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
77 Prevalence of stress, stressors, and coping strategies among medical undergraduate students in a medical college of Mumbai
Parmeshwar Satpathy,Nafeha Siddiqui,Darshan Parida,Roshan Sutar
Journal of Education and Health Promotion. 2021; 10(1): 318
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
78 Impact of preferred learning style on personal resilience strategies among pharmacy students during the COVID-19 pandemic
Jacob Poirier,Paul Gregory,Zubin Austin
Pharmacy Education. 2021; : 260
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
79 Stress and burnout in chiropractic students of European chiropractic colleges:
Maike Perelló Rank,Pablo Pérez de la Ossa
Journal of Chiropractic Education. 2021; 35(1): 14
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
80 Resilience and coping strategies of undergraduate medical students at the University of the Free State
Lynette J. van der Merwe,Anja Botha,Gina Joubert
South African Journal of Psychiatry. 2020; 26
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
81 The Evolution of Psychological Response to Athlete Injury Models for Professional Sport
Billymo Rist,Tony Glynn,Anthea Clarke,Alan Pearce
The Journal of Science and Medicine. 2020; 2(4): 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
82 Coping With Stress and Burnout Associated With Telecommunication and Online Learning
Nour Mheidly,Mohamad Y. Fares,Jawad Fares
Frontiers in Public Health. 2020; 8
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
83 The Role of Active Coping in the Relationship Between Learning Burnout and Sleep Quality Among College Students in China
Yi Wang,Huiwen Xiao,Xiaotian Zhang,Li Wang
Frontiers in Psychology. 2020; 11
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
84 Tip Fakültesi Ögrencilerinin Hekimlik Meslegine Yönelik Tutumlari: Preklinik ve Klinik Egitim Dönemlerinin Karsilastirilmasi
Funda Ifakat Tengiz,Asya Banu BABAOGLU,Esra Meltem KOÇ,Gülseren Pamuk
Tip Egitimi Dünyasi. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
85 A qualitative analysis of the coping reservoir model of pre-clinical medical student well-being: human connection as making it ‘worth it’
Kelly Rhea MacArthur,Jonathon Sikorski
BMC Medical Education. 2020; 20(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
86 Perceptions and processes influencing the transition of medical students from pre-clinical to clinical training
Bunmi S. Malau-Aduli,Poornima Roche,Mary Adu,Karina Jones,Faith Alele,Aaron Drovandi
BMC Medical Education. 2020; 20(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
87 Prevalence of depressive symptoms among Italian medical students: The multicentre cross-sectional “PRIMES” study
Fabrizio Bert,Giuseppina Lo Moro,Alessio Corradi,Anna Acampora,Antonella Agodi,Laura Brunelli,Maria Chironna,Silvia Cocchio,Vincenza Cofini,Marcello Mario D’Errico,Carolina Marzuillo,Cesira Pasquarella,Maria Pavia,Vincenzo Restivo,Maria Rosaria Gualano,Paolo Leombruni,Roberta Siliquini,James Curtis West
PLOS ONE. 2020; 15(4): e0231845
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
88 Medical students in distress: The impact of gender, race, debt, and disability
Nikhil Rajapuram,Simone Langness,Megan R. Marshall,Amanda Sammann,Yuka Kotozaki
PLOS ONE. 2020; 15(12): e0243250
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
89 Sintomas de Depressão, Ansiedade e Estresse em Estudantes de Medicina e Estratégias Institucionais de Enfrentamento
Deyvison Soares da Costa,Natany de Souza Batista Medeiros,Rayane Alves Cordeiro,Everton de Souza Frutuoso,Johnnatas Mikael Lopes,Simone da Nóbrega Tomaz Moreira
Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica. 2020; 44(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
90 Prevalência de Sintomas Depressivos em Estudantes de Medicina com Currículo de Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas
Heros Aureliano Antunes da Silva Maia,Ana Carolina Silva Assunção,Caroline Santos Silva,Juliana Laranjeira Pereira dos Santos,Carla Jamile Jabar Menezes,José de Bessa Júnior
Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica. 2020; 44(3)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
91 Uma Estratégia de Redução do Estresse entre Estudantes Médicos
Fernanda Martin Catarucci,Talita Cardoso Rossi,Vânia Hercília Talarico Bruno,Ivan da Silva Beteto,Pedro Henrique Leonetti Habimorad,Madeline Susan Andrews,Emmanuel A. Burdmann,Karina Pavão Patrício
Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica. 2020; 44(3)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
92 Enlightened Self-interest in Altruism (ESIA)
Laura Vearrier
HEC Forum. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
93 Psychological interventions to foster resilience in healthcare students
Angela M Kunzler,Isabella Helmreich,Jochem König,Andrea Chmitorz,Michèle Wessa,Harald Binder,Klaus Lieb
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
94 Ansiedad comparada entre estudiantes de medicina y estudiantes de otros grados en el Área de la Salud en Coimbra
Joana Sousa,Luiz Miguel Santiago,Vicente Micó López
Educación Médica. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
95 Understanding the consequence of COVID-19 on undergraduate medical education: Medical students’ perspective
Immanuel Sani,Yaser Hamza,Youssef Chedid,Jubilent Amalendran,Nadir Hamza
Annals of Medicine and Surgery. 2020; 58: 117
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
96 Studentsæ academic burnout in Iranian agricultural higher education system: the mediating role of achievement motivation
Mahnaz Tajeri Moghadam,Enayat Abbasi,Zahra Khoshnodifar
Heliyon. 2020; 6(9): e04960
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
97 Group Mentoring for Junior Medical Students—the Mentor in the Reflection Cycle
Arieh Riskin,Gila Yakov,Anath A. Flugelman
Medical Science Educator. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
98 How to Cope with the Challenges of Medical Education? Stress, Depression, and Coping in Undergraduate Medical Students
Verena Steiner-Hofbauer,Anita Holzinger
Academic Psychiatry. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
99 First Year Burnout and Coping in One US Medical School
Nathaly Shoua-Desmarais,Heidi von Harscher,Melanis Rivera,Tatiana Felix,Nancy Havas,Pura Rodriguez,Grettel Castro,Ellen Zwingli
Academic Psychiatry. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
100 Strategies to Combat Burnout During Intense Studying: Utilization of Medical Student Feedback to Alleviate Burnout in Preparation for a High Stakes Examination
Jacob Shreffler,Martin Huecker,Leslee Martin,Susan Sawning,Selena The,M.Ann Shaw,Olivia Mittel,Amy Holthouser
Health Professions Education. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
101 Burnout and its associated factors among medical students of Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
Mohamed Saih Mahfouz,Suhaila Abdalkarim Ali,Haya Ahmed Alqahtani,Amani Ahmad Kubaisi,Najla Mohammed Ashiri,Eshrag Hassan Daghriri,Shaima Ali Alzahrani,Azhar Ahmed Sowaidi,Afnan Mousa Maashi,Doa’a Albarag Alhazmi
Mental Illness. 2020; 12(2): 35
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
102 Medical Student Spirituality and Substance Use
Michelle K. Williams,William M. Greene,Stefano A. Leitner,Lisa J. Merlo
Journal of Addiction Medicine. 2020; 14(6): e316
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
103 Stress among medical students: factor structure of the University Stress Scale among Italian students
Igor Portoghese,Fabio Porru,Maura Galletta,Marcello Campagna,Alex Burdorf
BMJ Open. 2020; 10(9): e035255
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
104 Lifestyle medicine and physical activity knowledge of final year UK medical students
Dina Radenkovic,Ram Aswani,Imtiaz Ahmad,Jack Kreindler,Rebecca Robinson
BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine. 2019; 5(1): e000518
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
105 Tactics to improve resilience and well-being among pharmacy students
Kai Kang,Claudia F Ortiz Lopez,Brittany S Fear,Robert P Granko
American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
106 Prevalence and relationship between burnout and depression in our future doctors: a cross-sectional study in a cohort of preclinical and clinical medical students in Ireland
Orla Fitzpatrick,Regien Biesma,Ronán M Conroy,Alice McGarvey
BMJ Open. 2019; 9(4): e023297
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
107 Burnout and Its Relationships With Alexithymia, Stress, Self-Esteem, Depression, Alcohol Use Disorders, and Emotional Intelligence
Nathalie Lahoud,Maha Zakhour,Chadia Haddad,Pascale Salameh,Marwan Akel,Kassandra Fares,Souheil Hallit,Sahar Obeid
The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 2019; 207(8): 642
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
108 Emotional exhaustion, burnout, and perceived stress in dental students
JL Jiménez-Ortiz,RM Islas-Valle,JD Jiménez-Ortiz,E Pérez-Lizárraga,ME Hernández-García,F González-Salazar
Journal of International Medical Research. 2019; 47(9): 4251
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
109 Burnout among healthcare providers in the complex environment of the Middle East: a systematic review
Z. Chemali,F. L. Ezzeddine,B. Gelaye,M. L. Dossett,J. Salameh,M. Bizri,B. Dubale,G. Fricchione
BMC Public Health. 2019; 19(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
110 Learning in a High-Stress Clinical Environment: Stressors Associated with Medical Students’ Clerkship Training on Labor and Delivery
Natasha R. Johnson,Andrea Pelletier,Xiaodong Chen,Beryl L. Manning-Geist
Teaching and Learning in Medicine. 2019; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
111 Experiential Learning: Transforming Theory into Practice through the Parkinson’s Disease Buddy Program
Denise M. Cumberland,Susan Sawning,Megan Church-Nally,Monica Ann Shaw,Erika Branch,Kathrin LaFaver
Teaching and Learning in Medicine. 2019; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
112 Burnout in medical students before residency: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Ariel Frajerman,Yannick Morvan,Marie-Odile Krebs,Philip Gorwood,Boris Chaumette
European Psychiatry. 2019; 55: 36
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
113 The Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) gene Val66Met (rs6265) polymorphism and stress among preclinical medical students in Malaysia
Mohammad A.I. Al-Hatamleh,Tengku M.A.R. Hussin,Wan R.W. Taib,Imilia Ismail
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
114 Impact of a Mentorship Program on Medical Student Burnout
Jaime Jordan,Daena Watcha,Courtney Cassella,Amy H. Kaji,Shefali Trivedi,Stephen J. Cico
AEM Education and Training. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
115 A Comparative, Multi-national Analysis of the Quality of Life and Learning Factors of Medical and Non-medical Undergraduate Students
Marcus A. Henning,Julie Chen,Christian U. Krägeloh,Erin M. Hill,Roger Booth,Craig Webster
Medical Science Educator. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
116 Burnout and Other Types of Emotional Distress Among Medical Students
Samuel Ofei-Dodoo,Scott E. Moser,Rick Kellerman,Jennifer Wipperman,Anthony Paolo
Medical Science Educator. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
117 Pre-clinical Stress Management Workshops Increase Medical Students’ Knowledge and Self-awareness of Coping with Stress
Beryl Manning-Geist,Fremonta Meyer,Justin Chen,Andrea Pelletier,Katherine Kosman,Xiaodong (Phoenix) Chen,Natasha R. Johnson
Medical Science Educator. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
Rabbanie Tariq Wani,Tanzeela Bashir Qazi
Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare. 2019; 6(28): 1907
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
119 Existe Alteração em Marcadores Inflamatórios em Estudantes de Medicina após Participação em Programa Mente-Corpo?
Fernanda Martin Catarucci,Vânia Hercília Talarico Bruno,Pedro Henrique Leonetti Habimorad,Ivan da Silva Beteto,Susan Andrews,Valéria Cristina Sandrim,Emmanuel A. Burdmann,Karina Pavão Patrício
Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica. 2019; 43(2): 79
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
120 Stress and stressors of medical student near-peer tutors during courses: a psychophysiological mixed methods study
Jan Hundertmark,Simone Alvarez,Svetla Loukanova,Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
BMC Medical Education. 2019; 19(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
121 A self-report of the Healer’s art by junior doctors: does the course have a lasting influence on personal experience of humanism, self-nurturing skills and medical counterculture?
Chanakya Jaiswal,Katrina Anderson,Emily Haesler
BMC Medical Education. 2019; 19(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
122 Perceived stress among undergraduate medical students at a private medical college in Saudi Arabia: prevalence and inducing factors
Hani Atwa,Turki Bugshan,Malak Alkaf
International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries. 2019; : 37
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
Alena Vosecková,Zuzana Truhlárová,Pavel Blažek
Military Medical Science Letters. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
124 The relationship between gender and coping mechanisms with burnout events in first-year medical students
Rena Palupi,Ardi Findyartini
Korean Journal of Medical Education. 2019; 31(4): 331
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
125 Using the Multitheory Model to Predict Initiation and Sustenance of Physical Activity Behavior Among Osteopathic Medical Students
Vinayak K. Nahar,Amanda H. Wilkerson,Philip M. Stephens,Richard W. Kim,Manoj Sharma
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. 2019; 119(8): 479
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
126 Stress vulnerability assessment among medical and political science and public administration students
Claudia-Mariana Handra,Eugenia Naghi,Marina Ruxandra O?elea
Romanian Journal of Occupational Medicine. 2018; 69(1): 43
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
127 Burnout among medical students during the first years of undergraduate school: Prevalence and associated factors
Robson Aparecido dos Santos Boni,Carlos Eduardo Paiva,Marco Antonio de Oliveira,Giancarlo Lucchetti,José Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani,Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva,Cesario Bianchi
PLOS ONE. 2018; 13(3): e0191746
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
128 Prevalence and correlates of common mental disorders among dental students in Brazil
Karen Mendes Graner,Antonio Bento Alves de Moraes,Albina Rodrigues Torres,Maria Cristina Pereira Lima,Gustavo Sattolo Rolim,Ana Teresa de Abreu Ramos-Cerqueira,Ratilal Lalloo
PLOS ONE. 2018; 13(9): e0204558
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
Meesha Haorongbam,Sathyanarayana M. T,Dhanashree Akshatha H. S
Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences. 2018; 7(12): 1473
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
130 Religiousness is associated with lower levels of anxiety, but not depression, in medical and nursing students
Jurema Ribeiro Luiz Gonçalves,Arthur Pereira Jorge,Guilherme Cia Zanetti,Elisângela de Assis Amaro,Ricardo Tonim Tótoli,Giancarlo Lucchetti
Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira. 2018; 64(6): 537
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
131 Burnout Prevalence and Associated Factors Among Brazilian Medical Students
Mariana Linhares Barbosa,Bárbara Lopes Rodrigues Ferreira,Thaís Nunes Vargas,George Martins Ney da Silva,Antonio Egidio Nardi,Sergio Machado,Leonardo Caixeta
Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health. 2018; 14(1): 188
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
132 Stressing the journey: using life stories to study medical student wellbeing
Tania M. Jenkins,Jenny Kim,Chelsea Hu,John C. Hickernell,Sarah Watanaskul,John D. Yoon
Advances in Health Sciences Education. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
133 Factors Associated with Academic Performance in Physician Assistant Graduate Programs and National Certification Examination Scores. A Literature Review
Sierra Moore,Connor Clark,Ashley Haught,Bryce Hinde,Doug Reckner,Jordan Robinson,Aubrey Graham-West,Whitney Wigal,William Childers,Joseph Horzempa
Health Professions Education. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
134 Naturopathic Medical Student Empathy and Burnout: A Preliminary Study
Matthew Hicks,Douglas Hanes
Advances in Integrative Medicine. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
135 Herramientas para el análisis y la transformación de la educación y cultura médica para la promoción de la salud mental en estudiantes de Medicina
Ernesto Córdoba-Castro,Silvia Rivera-Largacha
Educación Médica. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
136 Twelve tips for enhancing student engagement
Harm Peters,Marko Zdravkovic,Manuel João Costa,Antonio Celenza,Kulsoom Ghias,Debra Klamen,Liz Mossop,Michael Rieder,Vishna Devi Nadarajah,Danai Wangsaturaka,Martin Wohlin,Margot Weggemans
Medical Teacher. 2018; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
137 Agricultural students’ academic burnout: the influence of employment challenges
Mahtab Pouratashi,Asghar Zamani
Journal of Education and Work. 2018; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
138 Energetic Modalities as a Self-Care Technique to Reduce Stress in Nursing Students
Deborah Kramer
Journal of Holistic Nursing. 2018; 36(4): 366
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
139 A comparative description of perceived stress and coping strategies among psychology and nonpsychology students in the United Arab Emirates
Zahir Vally,Brettjet L. Cody,Safeya N. M. Alsheraifi,Maryam A. Albloshi
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. 2018;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
140 Perceived Medical School stress of undergraduate medical students predicts academic performance: an observational study
Thomas Kötter,Josefin Wagner,Linda Brüheim,Edgar Voltmer
BMC Medical Education. 2017; 17(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
141 Sleep quality, chronotype, temperament and bipolar features as predictors of depressive symptoms among medical students
Lukasz Mokros,Andrzej Witusik,Julia Michalska,Wojciech Lezak,Michal Panek,Katarzyna Nowakowska-Domagala,Adam Antczak,Tadeusz Pietras
Chronobiology International. 2017; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
142 Role of Resilience in Mindfulness Training for First Responders
Joshua Benjamin Kaplan,Aaron L. Bergman,Michael Christopher,Sarah Bowen,Matthew Hunsinger
Mindfulness. 2017;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
143 In Response to “Why Burnout Is So Hard to Fix”
Sydnee Prince
Journal of Oncology Practice. 2017; 13(12): 843
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
144 Burnout and Its Relationships with Alexithymia, Stress, and Social Support among Romanian Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(6): 560
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
145 Poor Sleep, Anxiety And Depression Among The Maritime And Health Sciences Higher School Students
Jurgita Andruškiene,Šarune Barseviciene,Giedrius Varoneckas
Sveikatos mokslai. 2016; 26(5): 20
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
146 Using Patient Perspective Sessions to Increase Empathy and Recall in Preclinical Medical Students
Tami Hendriksz
Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. 2016; 116(10): 662
[Pubmed] | [DOI]


Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

  In this article
Coping Mechanism...
Article Figures
Article Tables

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded3511    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 146    

Recommend this journal