North American Journal of Medical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 170--173

Frequency of human immunodeficiency virus infection among students of tertiary and secondary institutions in an endemic state


Abdulazeez Abubakar 
 Department of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Kwara State University, Malete-Ilorin, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Abdulazeez Abubakar
Department of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Kwara State University, Malete-Ilorin
Nigeria

Background: Students are pivotal to manpower development and technological advancement of any nation. Nigerian nation was recently ranked third human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) most endemic nation in the world Aim: The study was designed to determine the frequency of HIV infection among Nigerian tertiary and secondary institution students. Materials and Methods: A HIV screening test was conducted on 1,978 apparently healthy students composed of 981 males and 997 females aged 11-35 years, randomly selected from some Nigerian tertiary and secondary institutions Results: Overall, the sero-prevalence rate of 13.7% was recorded consisting 9.9% in the tertiary and 3.8% in secondary institutions. The distribution of the infection showed no significant difference by age (χ2 =1.07, P>0.05) and by gender (χ2 =0.85, P>0.05). Also, the prevalence had no significant association with the settlement of students (χ2 =0.96, P>0.05) and the status of educational institutions (χ2 =1.42, P>0.05). Conclusion: The findings indicate a high HIV prevalence rate among students in this part of the globe. General behavioral changes about sex among the students are suggested.


How to cite this article:
Abubakar A. Frequency of human immunodeficiency virus infection among students of tertiary and secondary institutions in an endemic state.North Am J Med Sci 2012;4:170-173


How to cite this URL:
Abubakar A. Frequency of human immunodeficiency virus infection among students of tertiary and secondary institutions in an endemic state. North Am J Med Sci [serial online] 2012 [cited 2022 Sep 25 ];4:170-173
Available from: https://www.najms.org/article.asp?issn=1947-2714;year=2012;volume=4;issue=4;spage=170;epage=173;aulast=Abubakar;type=0