North American Journal of Medical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 377--385

Micronutrient intake and the presence of the metabolic syndrome


Soudabe Motamed1, Mahmoud Ebrahimi2, Mohammad Safarian1, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan2, Mohsen Mouhebati2, Mahmoudreza Azarpazhouh2, Habibollah Esmailie1, Abdolreza Norouzi1, Gordon AA Ferns3 
1 Biochemistry of Nutrition Research Center and department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Cardiovascular Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran
3 Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Division of Medical Education, Mayfield House, University of Brighton, BN1 9PH, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Cardiovascular Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad
Iran

Background: Dietary micronutrients have been proposed to protect against oxidative damage and related clinical complications. Aims: We aimed to compare the micronutrient intake between individuals with and without metabolic syndrome (MS). Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 3800 men and women who were aged between 35 and 65 years. The diagnosis of the MS was based on International Diabetes Federation criteria. Dietary intake of participants was assessed using a questionnaire for 24 h dietary recall. Student«SQ»s t-test and Mann-Whitney U-tests were used for comparing the micronutrient intake of subjects with or without the MS and the odds ratio for the presence of the MS was calculated for each micronutrient by control for total energy intake adjusted by the residue method. Results: The mean age of MS subjects and the control group was 48.8 ± 7.9 years and 47.6 ± 7.6 years, respectively. Energy-adjusted intake of vitamin E ( P < 0.05), B2 ( P < 0.01), and B12 ( P < 0.05) was higher in normal women compared with women with MS. Energy-adjusted intake of vitamin B1 was significantly higher in women with MS. After logistic regression analysis, no significant association between micronutrient intake and MS was shown. Conclusion: We found no significant association between micronutrient intake and MS.


How to cite this article:
Motamed S, Ebrahimi M, Safarian M, Ghayour-Mobarhan M, Mouhebati M, Azarpazhouh M, Esmailie H, Norouzi A, Ferns GA. Micronutrient intake and the presence of the metabolic syndrome.North Am J Med Sci 2013;5:377-385


How to cite this URL:
Motamed S, Ebrahimi M, Safarian M, Ghayour-Mobarhan M, Mouhebati M, Azarpazhouh M, Esmailie H, Norouzi A, Ferns GA. Micronutrient intake and the presence of the metabolic syndrome. North Am J Med Sci [serial online] 2013 [cited 2021 Oct 23 ];5:377-385
Available from: https://www.najms.org/article.asp?issn=1947-2714;year=2013;volume=5;issue=6;spage=377;epage=385;aulast=Motamed;type=0