North American Journal of Medical Sciences

LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 498-

Limitations of 24-hour recall method: Micronutrient intake and the presence of the metabolic syndrome


Sunil Kumar Raina 
 Department of Community Medicine,Dr. RPGMC, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Kumar Raina
Department of Community Medicine,Dr. RPGMC, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh
India




How to cite this article:
Raina SK. Limitations of 24-hour recall method: Micronutrient intake and the presence of the metabolic syndrome.North Am J Med Sci 2013;5:498-498


How to cite this URL:
Raina SK. Limitations of 24-hour recall method: Micronutrient intake and the presence of the metabolic syndrome. North Am J Med Sci [serial online] 2013 [cited 2020 Oct 24 ];5:498-498
Available from: https://www.najms.org/text.asp?2013/5/8/498/117329


Full Text

Dear Editor,

Congratulations to authors' effort on the article entitled "Micronutrient intake and the presence of the metabolic syndrome," [1] which was recently published in North American Journal of Medical Sciences.

However, I have some concerns with the use of 24-hour recall method to assess dietary intake (as done by the authors). This is because, the data generated by using this method may not represent the long-term dietary habits of the patient. So, finding an association between metabolic syndrome (a chronic condition) and micronutrient intake based on 24-hour recall may not be appropriate. Twenty-four hour recall is basically a retrospective method of diet assessment, where an individual is interviewed about their food and beverage consumption during the previous day or the preceding 24 hours. However, a single 24-hour recall is not considered to be representative of habitual diet at an individual level. This methodology is adequate for surveying intake in a large group and estimating group mean intakes of diet. This has been highlighted in a study that was conducted to decide on the methods for conducting dietary assessment in the UK Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey (LIDNS). [2] Four repeat 24-hour recalls were recommended as the most appropriate method of dietary assessment, according to this study. [2] Furthermore, in a recent Australian study in adults, eight repeat 24-hour recalls were recommended to capture the variation that is usually present in diet. [3]

References

1Motamed S, Ebrahimi M, Safarian M, Ghayour-Mobarhan M, Mouhebati M, Azarpazhouh M, et al. Micronutrient intake and the presence of the metabolic syndrome. N Am J Med Sci 2013;5:377-85.
2Holmes B, Dick K, Nelson M. A comparison of four dietary assessment methods in materially deprived households in England. Public Health Nutr 2008;11:444-56.
3Jackson KA, Byrne NM, Magarey AM, Hills AP. Minimizing random error in dietary intakes assessed by 24-h recall, in overweight and obese adults. Eur J Clin Nutr 2008;62:537-43.