North American Journal of Medical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 36--40

Determinants of immunization coverage in Lucknow district


Pratibha Gupta, Daya Prakash, Jyoti Prakash Srivastava 
 Department of Community Medicine, Era's Lucknow Medical College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Pratibha Gupta
5/351, Viram Khand - 5, Gomtinagar, Lucknow-226 010, Uttar Pradesh
India

Background: Immunization remains one of the most important public health interventions and a cost-effective strategy to reduce both the morbidity and mortality associated with infectious diseases. Over two million deaths are delayed through immunization each year worldwide. Aims: This study sought to identify specific factors associated with immunization coverage in order to advance improved intervention, policies/strategies therefore raising overall immunization coverage. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 198 children aged 12-23 months at Urban Health and Training Centre (UHTC), Era«SQ»s Lucknow Medical College, Lucknow, over a period of 6 months i.e., from July 2012-December 2012. Data were collected, compiled and tabulated using Microsoft Excel and analyzed using SPSS 17.0 version. Results: A total of 198 children of age 12-23 months were included in this study, of which 74.7% of children were fully immunized, 11.1% were partially immunized and 14.1% were not immunized at all. The most common reason for partial or non-immunization was family problems (24%) of the respondents followed by lack of knowledge of immunization (20%), and fear of side effects (16%). The odds of risk of partial/non-immunization in illiterate women is 5.78 more than the graduate women (P = 0.039). Conclusions: Although in the present study, majority of the children were immunized, it is still not up to the mark. We have to make it 100%, so that we can reduce mortality due to vaccine-preventable diseases. Increasing awareness and reducing fear of side effects of immunization among parents through health education, counseling, etc. can increase the percentage of immunized children.


How to cite this article:
Gupta P, Prakash D, Srivastava JP. Determinants of immunization coverage in Lucknow district.North Am J Med Sci 2015;7:36-40


How to cite this URL:
Gupta P, Prakash D, Srivastava JP. Determinants of immunization coverage in Lucknow district. North Am J Med Sci [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Oct 16 ];7:36-40
Available from: https://www.najms.org/article.asp?issn=1947-2714;year=2015;volume=7;issue=2;spage=36;epage=40;aulast=Gupta;type=0