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   2012| December  | Volume 4 | Issue 12  
    Online since December 4, 2012

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Identification of facial shape by applying golden ratio to the facial measurements: An interracial study in Malaysian population
Vasanthakumar Packiriswamy, Pramod Kumar, Mohandas Rao
December 2012, 4(12):624-629
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104312  PMID:23272303
Background: The "golden ratio" is considered as a universal facial aesthetical standard. Researcher's opinion that deviation from golden ratio can result in development of facial abnormalities. Aims: This study was designed to study the facial morphology and to identify individuals with normal, short, and long face. Materials and Methods: We studied 300 Malaysian nationality subjects aged 18-28 years of Chinese, Indian, and Malay extraction. The parameters measured were physiognomical facial height and width of face, and physiognomical facial index was calculated. Face shape was classified based on golden ratio. Independent t test was done to test the difference between sexes and among the races. Results: The mean values of the measurements and index showed significant sexual and interracial differences. Out of 300 subjects, the face shape was normal in 60 subjects, short in 224 subjects, and long in 16 subjects. Conclusion: As anticipated, the measurements showed variations according to gender and race. Only 60 subjects had a regular face shape, and remaining 240 subjects had irregular face shape (short and long). Since the short and long shape individuals may be at risk of developing various disorders, the knowledge of facial shapes in the given population is important for early diagnostic and treatment procedures.
  7,339 608 6
Antiviral potential of selected Indian medicinal (ayurvedic) plants against Herpes Simplex Virus 1 and 2
Priyanka Jadhav, Natasha Kapoor, Becky Thomas, Hingorani Lal, Nilima Kshirsagar
December 2012, 4(12):641-647
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104316  PMID:23272307
  5,335 709 14
Experiences of vasectomy: A phenomenological study
Habibollah Hosseini, Fatemeh Abdi
December 2012, 4(12):619-623
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104311  PMID:23272302
Background: Irregular growth of population is considered as a serious threat to the international community. It is a major obstacle for socioeconomic development. One of the methods to control the population is by providing effective methods of contraception. Vasectomy, as a simple and effective contraceptive method, has been approved by the World Health Organization (WHO). It is very important to involve men in the control of population and the promotion of reproductive health. Aims: This study was conducted with the aim of describing the experiences of the men who underwent vasectomy. Materials and Methods: This qualitative study was performed by using a phenomenological research design. The sample consisted of 14 vasectomized men selected through purposive sampling method. In-depth and open interviews with participants were conducted to collect the data. Results: The results were transcribed and recorded in comprehensive field notes. Colaizzi's method was used to analyze the data. Four themes emerged from the obtained results of the present study, which described the structure of the experiences of men as follows: Opinions about vasectomy, own perceptions about vasectomy, experiences with the procedure, and recommendation of vasectomy to others. Conclusion: Vasectomy can influence achievement of family planning goals and participation of men in this regard. The results of this study can help the planners and health-care providers for appropriate interventions, and training and counseling programmers to increase the acceptability and uptake of vasectomy in the society.
  2,869 1,320 5
Metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors among police officers
Jayakrishnan Thayyil, Thejus Thayyil Jayakrishnan, Meharoof Raja, Jeeja Mathumal Cherumanalil
December 2012, 4(12):630-635
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104313  PMID:23272304
Background: Police force constitutes a special occupational group. They have been shown to be at high risk for the development of cardiovascular diseases. A multitude of factors may be responsible for this. There is very limited documentation of their health status and health surveillance activities are inadequate. Aim: The present study was designed to measure the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors among police officers. Materials and Methods: The design was cross-sectional and spanned 900 policemen ( n = 900). A pre-tested questionnaire was used for collecting historical data. Anthropometric and biochemical measurements were carried out using standard techniques. MS was diagnosed using the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 16.0 software. Results: MS was observed in 16.8% of the study population. High blood pressure and hyper-triglyceridemia were the commonest abnormalities. The prevalence of other cardiovascular risk factors were high body mass index (65.6%), hypertension (37.7%), diabetes (7%), smoking (10%), and alcohol use (48%). Conclusion: Our study identified police officers as a high-risk group for developing CVDs. The findings underscore the need for regular surveillance and lifestyle interventions in this important occupational group.
  3,282 658 22
Construction of pET-32 α (+) vector for protein expression and purification
Zhi-Qiang Liu, Ping-Chang Yang
December 2012, 4(12):651-655
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104318  PMID:23272309
The construction of expression vector is a basic tool for biotechnology and production of desired proteins, this article summarized the construction of pET-32 α (+) vector techniques which are generally used in research laboratories. The procedures include that acquisition of the exogenous DNA fragment for construction of the vector, subcloning the DNA fragment into pET-32 α (+) expression vector, protein expression in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and protein purification under native conditions in E. coli lysates.
  2,796 562 8
Acute compartment syndrome of upper limb as an unusual complication of dengue hemorrhagic fever
Dipanjan Bandyopadhyay, Pradip Mondal, Samiran Samui, Saptarshi Bishnu, Sukanta Manna
December 2012, 4(12):667-668
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104326  PMID:23272315
  2,201 269 4
Primary malignant mixed müllerian tumor of the fimbriated end of the Fallopian tube causing hematosalpinx and hematometra
Dagistan Tolga Arioz, Sezgin Yilmaz, Nazan Okur, Fatma Aktepe, Mehmet Yilmazer, Sinan Ozalp
December 2012, 4(12):659-661
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104322  PMID:23272312
  1,889 215 1
Counselling patients for GLP-1 analogue therapy: Comparing GLP-1 analogue with insulin counselling
Sanjay Kalra, Bharti Kalra
December 2012, 4(12):638-640
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104315  PMID:23272306
  1,782 252 3
Cholera: Small outbreak in winter season of Eastern Nepal
Sanjay Gautam, Pramod Jha, Basudha Khanal, Dipesh Tamrakar, DK Yadav
December 2012, 4(12):657-658
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104321  PMID:23272311
  1,605 300 3
Admission surveillance cultures among patients admitted to intensive care unit
Varsha Gupta, Nidhi Singla, Satinder Gombar, Sanjeev Palta, Tripti Sahoo, Jagdish Chander
December 2012, 4(12):648-650
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104317  PMID:23272308
  1,392 245 3
Oligodontia with taurodontism in monozygous twins
V Suresh Kandagal, N Bilahari, Prashanth Shenai, Laxmikanth Chatra, RC Pramod, KR Ashir
December 2012, 4(12):662-664
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104324  PMID:23272313
  1,353 211 -
When antibiotics treat heart block
Loveena Lama, Ajay K Sharma, E Kevin Heist
December 2012, 4(12):665-666
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104325  PMID:23272314
  1,315 219 -
What is the risk for metabolic syndrome in police officers?
Warren D Franke
December 2012, 4(12):636-637
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104314  PMID:23272305
  1,258 217 1
Social determinants of morbidity among adolescents
Sunil K Raina
December 2012, 4(12):670-670
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104329  PMID:23272317
  1,125 184 -
H1N1-Infected patient in intensive care unit
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
December 2012, 4(12):656-656
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104319  PMID:23272310
  1,087 192 -
Patient satisfaction survey: Can nonresponders be ignored?
Pankaj K Garg, Anjay Kumar
December 2012, 4(12):669-669
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.104327  PMID:23272316
  1,079 196 -
Social determinants and its influence on the prevalence of morbidity among adolescent girls
Beena Sachan, Mohammad Zafar Idris, Savita Jain, Reema Kumari, Ashutosh Singh
December 2012, 4(12):671-671
  1,003 166 -