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   2013| May  | Volume 5 | Issue 5  
    Online since May 27, 2013

 
 
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Hyaluronic acid: A boon in periodontal therapy
Parveen Dahiya, Reet Kamal
May 2013, 5(5):309-315
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.112473  PMID:23814761
Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring linear polysaccharide of the extracellular matrix of connective tissue, synovial fluid, and other tissues. Its use in the treatment of the inflammatory process is established in medical areas such as orthopedics, dermatology, and ophthalmology. The Pubmed/Medline database was searched for keywords "Hyaluronic acid and periodontal disease" and "Hyaluronic acid and gingivitis" which resulted in 89 and 22 articles respectively. Only highly relevant articles from electronic and manual search in English literature were selected for the present review article. In the field of dentistry, hyaluronic acid has shown anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effects in the treatment of periodontal diseases. Due to its tissue healing properties, it could be used as an adjunct to mechanical therapy in the treatment of periodontitis. Further studies are required to determine the clinical efficacy of hyaluronic acid in healing of periodontal lesion. The aim of the present review, article is to discuss the role of hyaluronic acid in periodontal therapy.
  9,459 1,762 63
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Manual khalifa therapy in patients with completely ruptured anterior cruciate ligament in the knee: First results from near-infrared spectroscopy
Gerhard Litscher, Michael Ofner, Daniela Litscher
May 2013, 5(5):320-324
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.112477  PMID:23814763
Background: Manual Khalifa therapy has been practiced in Hallein, Austria, for more than 30 years; however, there are no scientific results available on the topic. Aims: The goal of the present study was to investigate possible acute effects of Khalifa therapy on regional oxygen saturation of knee tissues in patients with completely ruptured anterior cruciate ligament. Materials and Methods: We investigated 10 male patients (mean age ± standard deviation (SD) 35.9 ± 6.1 year) using a four-channel oximeter. The sensors were applied anterolaterally and anteromedially, beside the patella, on both the injured and the healthy (control) knee. Results: The results of the controlled study showed that values of oxygen saturation on the knee with the ruptured ligament were significantly increased (P < 0.001) immediately after Khalifa therapy, whereas the values on the control knee showed insignificant increases. Baselines values of the anterolateral side of the injured knee were significantly (P < 0.001) different from those of the anterolateral side of the control knee. The same effect was present on the anteromedial side; however, with a lower degree of significance (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Khalifa therapy was clinically successful in all 10 patients. Further, investigations and analyzes are necessary to explain the underlying mechanism.
  7,533 690 4
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Severe vitamin D deficiency induced myopathy associated with rhabydomyolysis
Khalid Rasheed, Pooja Sethi, Eric Bixby
May 2013, 5(5):334-336
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.112491  PMID:23814767
  2,474 317 9
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Left ventricular mass formulae and prevalence rates of echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy in Nigerians with essential hypertension
Ajayi Ebenezer Adekunle, Ajayi Iyiade Adeseye, Oyedeji Tolulope Adebayo, Adeoti Adekunle Olatayo, Omotoye Olusola Joseph, Adebayo Rasaaq Ayodele
May 2013, 5(5):325-329
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.112481  PMID:23814764
Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) as a marker of cardiac damage in hypertension has important prognostic implications. With high prevalence of hypertension in Nigeria and the untoward effect of LVH, it is essential that the prevalence of LVH be determined. Aims: To determine prevalence of LVH and its severity in clinical practice among hypertensive patients referred for echocardiographic assessment in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Devereux and Troy formulae were used to calculate echocardiographic LV mass (LVM) in 401 subjects and thereafter normalized to body surface area (BSA), heigth 2 (ht 2 ) and height 2.7 (ht 2.7 ) to define LVH to standard gender-specific thresholds. Results: Mean age was 53.22 ± 16.56 years (male = 53.18 ± 15.80; female = 53.27 ± 17.43; P = 0.958) with a male:female ratio of 1.13:1. Prevalence rates of LVH ranged between 38.9-51.3% using the Devereux Formula and 62.4-71.1% using the Troy formula. LVM/(ht 2.7 ) using the Troy formula gave the highest prevalence rate of LVH. Majority of the patients with LVH had severe form of hypertrophy with the prevalence rates ranging from 22.3% (LVM/BSA; Devereux formula) to 47.1% (LVM/ht 2.7 ; Troy formula). Conclusion: Prevalence of LVH by any echocardiographic criteria is high. There is a need to come to a consensus on the best formula and indexing variables, that will unify the reporting of LVH.
  2,389 294 3
Dysmegakaryocytopoiesis and maintaining platelet count in patients with plasma cell neoplasm
Yasmin Mair, Yan Zheng, Donghong Cai
May 2013, 5(5):316-319
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.112474  PMID:23814762
Background: Dysmegakaryocytopoiesis in patients with the plasma cell neoplasm (PCN) is rarely discussed in the literature. The puzzling phenomenon, which PCN patients maintaining normal platelet count even when the marrow is mostly replaced by plasma cells, is hardly explored. Aim: This study was aimed to determine the frequency of dysmegakaryocytopoiesis in PCN and the relationships between bone marrow (BM) plasma cell percentage, plasma cell immunomarkers, the severity of dysmegakaryocytopoiesis, and peripheral blood platelet count in PCN. Materials and Methods: We randomly selected 16 cases of PCN, among which 4 were with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and 12 were with plasma cell myeloma. Results: Our study showed that: (1) Dysmegakaryocytopoiesis was present in all the selected cases of PCN and its severity was not correlated with the percentage of the plasma cells in BM; (2) almost all patients maintained normal platelet count even when BM was mostly replaced by plasma cells; (3) immunomarkers of the neoplastic plasma cells were not associated with dysmegakaryocytopoiesis or maintaining of platelet count. The possible mechanisms behind dysmegakaryocytopoiesis and maintaining of platelet count were also discussed. Conclusion: Despite the universal presence of dysmegakaryocytopoiesis in PCN, the platelet count is maintained at normal range.
  2,207 262 1
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Hypereosinophilic syndrome induced cystitis mimicking bladder tumor
Buthayna Dinary, Khaldoon Shaheen, Naseem Eisa, M Chadi Alraies, Abdul Hamid Alraiyes, Keyvan Ravakhah
May 2013, 5(5):331-333
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.112488  PMID:23814766
  1,756 222 1
EXPERT COMMENTARY
Diabetes weds oral infection: An unhappy marriage
Preetinder Singh
May 2013, 5(5):337-338
PMID:23814768
  1,622 197 -
LETTERS TO EDITOR
White willow bark induced acute respiratory distress syndrome
Narat Srivali, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Daych Chongnarungsin, Lee C Edmonds
May 2013, 5(5):330-330
DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.112483  PMID:23814765
  1,473 219 1
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